Ingrid Hoffmann was a Jehovah’s Witness.
When she and her husband divorced, an Austrian ruled that Ingrid should have custody of the couple’s two children. Relying on evidence from an expert child psychologist, the court found that Ingrid had stronger emotional ties with the children and that separating them could cause emotional harm.
However, this ruling was overturned by Austria's Supreme Court. The Supreme Court accepted that it was usually best for the mother to look after young children. However, the court ruled that this did not apply in this case, on the grounds that the mother was a Jehovah’s Witness, and her faith could have harmful consequences on the children’s well-being. She lost custody of her children, and the father was given custody instead.