Updated on 05/10/2021


Policy, recommendations, declarations, guidelines and other legal instruments issued by Council of Europe bodies or committees on artificial intelligence


Studies, reports and conclusions of key events



PACE Reports


In 2021, the Assembly's rapporteurs will continue to ensure follow-up to the resolutions and recommendations adopted in October 2020 (Resolutions 2341-2346 and recommendations 2181-2187). The Committee on Equality and Non-discrimination will begin work on a report on 'Closing the digital divide: promoting equal access to digital technologies'. The Sub-committee on Artificial Intelligence will continue its activities during the year 2021 (programme t.b.c.).


Other ongoing initiatives


  • Artificial intelligence and criminal law legal instrument - CDPC
  • Draft guidelines for online dispute resolution (“ODR”) mechanisms, including possible AI applications in such systems - CDCJ
  • Review of The Administration and You handbook in the light of the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and non-AI algorithmic systems – CDCJ
  • Revised Recommendation on profiling - T-PD, CDMSI
  • Draft Recommendation covering the impact of AI on gender inequality - GEC
  • AI and migration control - GEC
  • Development and operationalisation of the principles of the CEPEJ Charter on the use of AI in judicial systems and examination of the feasibility of a certification of AI tools and services, against the Charter's principles. Development of tools with a view to offer a framework and safeguards to member States and justice professionals willing to create or use ICT and/or IA mechanisms in judicial systems in order to improve the efficiency and quality of justice - CEPEJ
  • Ground work to explore risks and benefits of AI (measures need be taken to prohibit the use of software algorithms with corrupt intent and great potential of AI to improve the effectiveness of steps taken to combat corruption, for instance in being used in complex investigations) - GRECO
  • Development of Recommendation and Study on the impacts of digital technologies on freedom of expression - MSI-DIG
  • Development of Recommendation on Combating Hate Speech - ADI/MSI-DIG
  • Draft standard-setting instrument with guiding principles for media and communication governance in the context of the new media and information paradigm based on social media distribution, taking account of related risks (manipulation of public opinion, lack of public trust, information disorder) - MSI-REF
  • Youth policy standards and other institutional responses to newly emergent issues affecting young people’s rights and transition to adulthood, including AI - Joint Council on Youth 
  • Development of learning resources for AI literacy - Youth Department 
  • Guidelines for supporting partnerships between Education and the Private Sector - Education
  • Publication on E-Relevance of Arts and Culture in the Age of Artificial Intelligence - Culture and Cultural Heritage Division
  • Draft Declaration of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on the risks of computer-assisted or artificial-intelligence-enabled decision making in the field of the social safety net
  • ECRI will continue addressing the problems with respect to the use of AI tools in its country monitoring activities
  • Course for Equality Bodies and Regulators has been carried out the UK and will be run in France starting in March 2021, in cooperation with the Defender of rights' office
  • European Social Cohesion Platform (PECS) study on the impact of the digitalisation on the labour market (exact title and scope to be defined)
  • A comprehensive AI-related initiative is being developed by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) - of which MONEYVAL is an associate member - on the use of AI technologies to combat money laundering and terrorism financing.
  • Impact study of blockchains on human rights, democracy and the rule of law - Information Society Department / Digital Development Unit


2022-2023 Workplan


  • The Steering Committee on Anti-Discrimination, Diversity and Inclusion (CDADI) foresees to engage into the preparation of a sectoral instrument on AI, non-discrimination and equality. In 2022 and 2023 a feasibility and scoping study will be carried out to prepare the ground for the standard-setting work.
  • The Steering Committee for Culture, Heritage and Landscape (CDCPP) may engage in further work on policy guidelines for member States addressing the challenges related to the digitiation of culture, impact of AI, participation and inclusion. Creativity and innovation are specifically pertinent aspects to be dealt with in this work, given the CDCPP's realm (culture, heritage and landscape) and natural link to sustainable development and climate crisis topics. 
  • The Steering Committee for Human Rights (CDDH) will prepare a Handbook on Human Rights and Artificial Intelligence.
  • The Steering Committee for Education Policy and Practice (CDPPE) will develop a sectoral and specific multilateral instrument on artificial intelligence in education (AIEd)


Towards an application of AI based on human rights, the rule of law and democracy


Ad hoc Committee CAHAI






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