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News - Last up-date  : 17/04/2014



Drapeau du DanemarkCouncil of Europe encourages Denmark to further develop its tools for preventing corruption


[Strasbourg, 16/04/2014] – Danish measures to prevent corruption among members of parliament, judges and prosecutors appear to be quite effective in practice. However, the current system based on trust might not always provide sufficient safeguards against corruption risks in the future.
These are the main findings of an evaluation report published today by the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO). (more...)

Link to the report


Conference on “Strengthening the capacity of parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors to prevent corruption in their own ranks: emerging trends from two years of GRECO Round IV evaluations”

10-11 April 2014

International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
Muenchendorfer Strasse 2, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria


[Strasbourg, 14/04/2014] – Under the auspices of the Austrian Chairmanship of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, this one and a half day conference was jointly organised by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Justice, the Group of States against Corruption of the Council of Europe (GRECO), and the International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA), with extra financial support from the Government of Monaco. In addition to taking stock of national experience and main findings in the prevention of corruption in respect of members of parliament, judges and prosecutors, it also provided an opportunity to review policies, exchange information on good practices and to identify future action in the light of GRECO’s Fourth Evaluation Round.
The conference opened with a high-level segment which brought together several Ministers and high-level officials. In the following expert sessions, GRECO delegates of all member States worked together with experts and representatives from the different sectors concerned to highlight achievements in the following areas: 

prevention of corruption in respect of members of parliament, 

prevention of corruption in respect of judges and prosecutors.

The conference brought together around 70 participants from the GRECO member States, as well as those from international organisations and other relevant stakeholders.

Link to the Programme 
Address by Martin Kreutner, Dean and Executive Secretary, International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) 
Speech by Gabriella Battaini-Dragoni, Deputy Secretary General, Council of Europe  
Speech by Marin Mrcela, President of GRECO, Justice of Supreme Court, Croatia
Link to Presentations 

© Robert Gartner / IACA


GRECO 63 - Strasbourg, 24-28 March 2014 - Decisions

Corruption of parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors : "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" must reinforce prevention

[Strasbourg, 17/03/2014]
– In a report published today on “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, the Council of Europe’s Anti-Corruption Group (GRECO) considers insufficient and expresses concern on the effectiveness of the implementation and enforcement of the legal framework governing the prevention of corruption among members of Parliament, judges and prosecutors.
For all three professional categories, there are rules in place regarding conflicts of interest, asset declarations and gifts. Nevertheless, GRECO considers that arrangements for compliance with these rules and their monitoring need to be improved.
Link to the report

Flag UkraineCouncil of Europe Anti-Corruption Group (GRECO) publishes its compliance report on Ukraine
[Strasbourg, 26/02/2014] – A report detailing the follow-up given to recommendations made to Ukraine by the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) has just been published with the permission of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
The recommendations concerned two distinct themes – “Incriminations”, where GRECO very much regrets that the legal reform is incomplete and partly inconsistent, and “Transparency of Party Funding”.
GRECO concludes that Ukraine has implemented satisfactorily or dealt with in a satisfactory manner only three of the sixteen recommendations contained in its Third Round Evaluation Report.
Of the seven recommendations that have been partly implemented and the six that have not been implemented, most concern the second theme of “Transparency of Party Funding”.
GRECO urges Ukraine to step up its efforts to significantly increase transparency in the funding of political parties and election campaigns and to pursue the reforms already initiated.
Link to the report

Group of States against Corruption publishes summary of its confidential report on Belarus

[Strasbourg, 03/2/2014] – The Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) today published a summary of its Joint First and Second Round Evaluation Report on Belarus adopted in June 2012. It assesses compliance by Belarus with the Council of Europe’s anti-corruption standards and, more specifically, it examines the independence, powers and means available to national bodies responsible for the prevention and fight against corruption, the extent and scope of immunities from investigation and prosecution for corruption offences, possibilities for seizure and confiscation of proceeds of corruption, corruption within the public administration, and the use of legal persons to shield corruption offences.
GRECO decided in December 2013, to make this summary public if the authorities of Belarus did not follow the positive transparency policy applied and accepted within GRECO by authorising the publication of the entire report by 3 February 2014. It is the first time in GRECO’s fifteen years of existence that such a measure has had to be taken.  
Full text of the summary of GRECO’s Joint First and Second Evaluation Report on Belarus

Council of Europe invites France to intensify reforms promoting integrity within parliament and the justice system

[Strasbourg, 27/1/2014]  In a report released today, the Council of Europe Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) welcomes a series of recent reforms in the prevention of corruption in France, but notes that important gaps remain in the rules and regulations applicable to parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors.

GRECO concludes that deputies and senators are not yet bound by adequate rules on conflict of interests, gifts and other benefits, asset declaration and enforcement measures in those areas. It also recommends improvements concerning parliamentary assistants and collaborators (due to risks of disguised lobbying and of fictitious jobs), operational expenses allowances (which can be used for unrelated purposes) and the so-called parliamentary reserve, which refers to funds managed by ministries but the use of which is left to the political groups and members of parliament. (more...)

Flag of SpainCouncil of Europe anti-corruption body urges Spain to recast public trust in political and judicial institutions

[Strasbourg, 15/1/2014] In a report published today, the Council of Europe anti-corruption group (GRECO) expresses concern about the proliferation of corruption scandals tainting the credibility of political institutions in Spain. It advises that the central Parliament lead by example by putting in place a comprehensive integrity package with clear ethical standards, matched with greater transparency of MPs’ financial interests and a robust enforcement mechanism to sanction wrongdoing.
GRECO also identifies some structural flaws in the justice system and calls for additional guarantees to avoid politicisation of Spain´s overburdened courts. GRECO acknowledges the vital role played by individual prosecutors and judges in the fight against corruption and encourages them to remain alert regarding risks to their integrity and impartiality, as well as to step up their endeavours to ensure professional and public accountability. (more...)
Link to the report

Flag of SloveniaResignation of the Slovenian anti-corruption Commissioners

[Strasbourg, 10/12/2013] During its latest plenary meeting (Strasbourg, 2-6 December 2013), GRECO noted with concern the recent resignation of the Chief Commissioner for the Prevention of Corruption of Slovenia and of his two deputies. In a press release, the Commissioners explained that their initiative was meant to sound alarm bells regarding the lack of political will that surrounds certain necessary reforms of the institutional and legal framework for the prevention of and fight against corruption in Slovenia.
GRECO hopes that the selection process of the future commissioners will ensure that they fulfil the highest guarantees of integrity and independence. It will be kept informed of the situation by members of the Slovenian delegation to GRECO.

GRECO Conference on “Gender Dimensions of Corruption” – Prague, 13 December 2013
[Strasbourg, 20/11/2013] Since 2012, the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) has been looking into gender dimensions of corruption and reflecting on whether and how a gender perspective could add value to GRECO’s work. In order to take stock of national experiences in identifying, preventing and reducing gender-specific manifestations of corruption and exchange information on available research and good practice, GRECO organised a conference on “Gender dimensions of corruption” under the auspices of the Senate of the Parliament and the Ministry of Justice of the Czech Republic which took place in Prague, on 13 December 2013, in the Wallenstein Palace.
The conference brought together 70 participants from the GRECO member States, as well as representatives of international organisations and civil society. (more...)
Link to Concept paper
Link to the Programme

Sweden encouraged to further sharpen its tools for preventing corruption

[Strasbourg, 12/11/2013]
Swedish measures to prevent corruption among members of parliament, judges and prosecutors appear to be quite effective in practice. However, there is still room for improvement – particularly with regard to conflicts of interest among parliamentarians.
These are the main findings of an evaluation report published today by the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO).

The report notes that Sweden has traditionally been considered one of the least corrupt countries in Europe, and that perceptions of corruption among parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors are relatively low. Awareness of the risks of corruption and conflicts of interest seems to have risen over the years but could benefit from being further stimulated. (more...)
Link to the report

Council of Europe anti-corruption body praises the integrity policy implemented by judges and prosecutors in the Netherlands

[Strasbourg, 18/07/2013] In a report published today, the Council of Europe anti-Corruption Group (GRECO) found that the Dutch system for the prevention of corruption in respect of Members of Parliament, judges and prosecutors was fairly effective. Relying to a large degree on mutual trust, openness and public scrutiny, the system is reactive in uncovering and sanctioning misconduct.

GRECO welcomed the efforts of the judicial institutions to maintain a high level of public trust through the comprehensive integrity programme which is currently being carried out. It pointed out a limited number of areas deserving more attention, such as the particular position of substitute judges who need to benefit from appropriate guidance on possible conflicts of interest.

GRECO also praised the thorough and balanced approach adopted by the prosecution service (more...)

Council of Europe expects further progress on corruption prevention in Luxembourg

[Strasbourg, 01/07/2013] In a report published today, the Council of Europe Anti-Corruption Group (GRECO) welcomes the progressive introduction of rules of conduct concerning the integrity of Members of Parliament, judges and prosecutors. It stresses, however, that much remains to be done to ensure the consistency and effectiveness of rules on the prevention of corruption.

GRECO supports the proposals to adopt a code of conduct for parliamentarians which would deal more effectively with such issues as gifts and other benefits granted to MPs, conflicts of interest and the declaration of income and assets. The current mechanism for the declaration of income and activities by parliamentarians, which is based the Parliament’s Rules of Procedure, lacks effectiveness and is only taken seriously by parliamentarians to a variable degree. The future declaration system needs to provide for the publication of more precise data on the various elements of parliamentarians’ financial situations, as well as for effective sanctions in case of non-compliance. (more...)

13th General Activity Report 2012Council of Europe anti-corruption Group calls on states to strengthen corruption prevention concerning parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors 
[Strasbourg, 13/06/2013] – In its annual report published today, the Council of Europe anti-corruption group (GRECO) calls on European states to bolster the legal and institutional capacity of their parliamentarians, judges and prosecutors in order to prevent and unequivocally address corruption in their own ranks.
GRECO concludes that these three professional groups need to better internalise prevention corruption as part of their daily jobs and be proactive in developing precise and transparent codes of conduct reinforced by credible mechanisms of supervision and sanction. (more...)

Latest Reports made public (available in PDF format)

13th General Activity Report (2012)

Third Round Publications

- Incriminations (thematic review)
- Political Funding (thematic review)

Fourth Evaluation Round

Evaluation reports
- Denmark (16 April 2014)
-"The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (17 March 2014)
- France (27 January 2014)
- Spain (15 January 2014)
- Sweden (12 November 2013)
- Netherlands (18 July 2013)

- Luxembourg (1 July 2013)
- Slovenia (30 May 2013)

Iceland (28 March 2013) 
Finland (27 March 2013)
United Kingdom (6 March 2013)
- Poland (25 January 2013)
- Estonia (8 January 2013)
- Latvia (17 December 2012)

Third Evaluation Round

Compliance reports

- Ukraine (26 February 2014)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (7 January 2014)
- Andorra (22 November 2013)
- Switzerland (21 November 2013)
- Hungary (11 September 2013)

Interim Compliance reports
- Czech Republic (4 April 2014)
- Slovak Republic (12 March 2014)
- France (13 February 2014)
- Denmark (13 January 2014) (second)
- Denmark (13 January 2014)  
- Slovenia (7 January 2014)

Second Compliance reports
- Malta (25 March 2014)
- Ireland (18 December 2013)
- Croatia (6 December 2013)

Addenda to the Second Compliance reports

- Latvia (28 March 2014)
- Estonia (18 October 2013)
- Iceland (18 October 2013)

Joint First and Second Evaluation Rounds

Evaluation reports
- Belarus  (3 February 2014) - Summary 

Compliance reports
- Liechtenstein  (31 October 2013)

Addenda to Compliance reports

- Ukraine (31 March 2014)
- Latvia
(28 March 2014)
- Italy
(1 July 2013)

Calendar 2014
Plenary meetings (Decisions & Summary reports)
"Tours de table" / Presentations
Incriminations (thematic review of GRECO's
Third Evaluation Round)
Political Funding (thematic review of GRECO's
Third Evaluation Round)
Lessons learnt from the three evaluation rounds (2000-2010)
What are GRECO evaluations? Evaluation rounds: procedures, questionnaires, reports (more ...).
Fourth Evaluation Round on Corruption Prevention in respect of Members of Parliament, Judges and Prosecutors
 Reports adopted
 Reference texts
 Guidelines for evaluators
Third Evaluation Round
 Reports adopted
 Guidelines for evaluators
 Political financing:
  Training workshop March 2007
  General background and training material
  Background documents
  Training workshop May 2007
Second Evaluation Round
Reports adopted
First Evaluation Round
Reports adopted