PACA: Project against Corruption in Albania

Following the expression by the government of Albania of its commitment to proactively implement an anti-corruption strategy as part of the National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI) and the adoption of an ambitious and cross cutting strategy for the Prevention and Fight against Corruption and for Transparent Governance 2008-2013, with the funding from the European Commission under IPA 2008, the Council of Europe has launched since 1 September 2009 a new technical assistance Project against corruption in Albania (PACA). The project’s duration will be of 30 months The total amount of funds of the project is 2,130.000 Euro (93.90% EU funds and 6.10% COE funds).
PACA’s overall objective is to contribute to democracy and the rule of law through the prevention and control of corruption. The project’s specific objectives are the following:
1) To enhance the implementation of anti-corruption policies and strategies (Anti-corruption Strategy and Action Plan 2007-2013) in line with GRECO and MONEYVAL recommendations and European Partnership commitments;
2) To contribute to the prevention of corruption in the education sector by improving transparency, accountability and social participation in the education system.
PACA will deliver these objectives through the provision of targeted expertise and training by international and national experts, and through outreach to all relevant stakeholders and civil society on the expertise acquired.

Activities in 2012:

Conference "Conclusion of the 3-year Albanian Government - Council of Europe – European Union Cooperation on  Combating Corruption"
(Tirana, Albania, 8 November 2012)

The conference, which was part of the Albanian Government’s programme of activities during its Chairmanship of the Council of Europe, was held on 8 November 2012 in Tirana.
In the last three years PACA has been the leading large scale project assisting anti-corruption reforms in the country, and has had a significant impact on the fight against corruption – notably in recent constitutional changes to reform the system of immunities of high-level officials. Apart from promoting Albanian Government-CoE-EU cooperation, the conference aimed to further encourage reforms in other areas related to anti-corruption where certain deficiencies have been noticed and technical assistance provided.
The keynote speeches were delivered by Mr Sali Berisha, Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania, Ms  Gabriella Battaini-Dragoni, Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe, and Mr Ettore Sequi, the Ambassador of the European Union Delegation to Albania.

Agenda English / Albanian
Picture Galery

Constitutional Amendments on Restricting the Immunities Regime Adopted

On 18 September 2012 the Albanian Parliament voted on the draft constitutional amendments aiming to restrict/abolish the immunity of MPs, judges and other high level officials. The draft submitted to vote was a joint Democratic Party (DP) -Socialist Party (SP) parliamentary groups’ proposal agreed/endorsed by the 21 July 2012 joint session of the Parliamentary Council on Legislation and the Committee on Legal Issues, Public Administration and the Human Rights after the hearing/consultation of experts and other stakeholders. The joint proposal was a compromise of two drafts submitted by DP and SP parliamentary groups and it largely reflected the recommendations provided by PACA project in September 2011 for reform of the regime of immunities as well as the PACA expert's comments/position expressed at the 21 July session.

Immunities reform

During July 2012, draft constitutional amendments aimed at restricting or abolishing the immunities of certain categories of officials were submitted by the Democratic Party (DP) and Socialist Party (SP) parliamentary groupings (on 6th and 20th July respectively). Both of the drafts were largely in line with the recommendations provided by PACA in September 2011 for reform of the regime of immunities.
In response to a request from Parliament, on 21 July 2012 a PACA expert attended a joint session of the Parliamentary Council on Legislation and the Committee on Legal Issues, Public Administration and the Human Rights, which was organized to consult experts, civil society representatives and other stakeholders and secure feedback on the drafts. At the meeting the PACA expert responded to extensive questioning by MPs. Following the meeting, the Committee approved a revised draft. However, in the Parliamentary session at which the proposed amendments were to be debated and voted on, a vote did not take place after the opposition (SP) elected not to support the proposal.

Comments and recommendations on the draft Teachers’ Code of Ethics

In June 2012 PACA submitted comments and recommendations on a new draft Code of Ethics for Teaching Staff, elaborated by a working group of the Ministry of Education and Science (MoES) and Institute for Development of Education (IDE) with the aim of implementing previous PACA recommendations. The comments and recommendations generally compliment the new draft as a much-improved version of the previous draft commented on by PACA in September 2010, and provided some detailed proposed changes to the draft.

Technical Paper

Manual ‘Education against Corruption’

On 23 May 2012 PACA hosted an event to disseminate the final draft manual on ‘Education against Corruption’, a curriculum manual for teachers at Albanian basic and secondary schools. The representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science and the Institute for Development of Education underlined the support of the government for the manual and presented how it should be used.

Manual Albanian

Code of Conduct for Teachers

On 17 May 2012 PACA received recommendations from the General Teaching Council of Scotland (GTCS) on a new draft Code of Conduct for Teachers elaborated by the Institute for Development of Education (IDE). The recommendations, together with a commentary on the extent to which the new draft reflects the recommendations of PACA, were forwarded to the working group in charge of drafting the Code. On 25-26 June PACA will organise meetings between an expert from the GTCS and the working group to discuss the draft and PACA recommendations and assist with finalisation of the draft.

Provision of the expert opinion on the amendments to the Albanian AML/CFT Law

On 27 April 2012 PACA project delivered the expert opinion concerning the recently drafted amendments to the Law on Prevention of Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism. The opinion assessed the conformity of the amending provisions with the relevant Recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force as well as the amendments' compliance with the recommendations made in the MONEYVAL 4th Round Mutual Evaluation Report. The opinion also provided further proposal for changes to be made in the draft amendments.

Project extension

On 29 February 2012 PACA held its 7th Steering Committee meeting that officially approved the extension of the project until 31 December 2012. Steering Committee also approved draft workplan which set up basis for the activities design during the extension period.

Agenda of SC meeting
List of participants of SC meeting
Draft workplan (extension period) English / Albanian

Study Visit to Rome, Italy: "Cross border Confiscation of Crime Proceeds

On 5-8 February, 2012 PACA will hold a study visit of Albanian judges, prosecutors and Ministry of Justice officials to Italy in the framework of assistance intended to enhance cross border cooperation for the confiscation of crime proceeds. The study visit follows the workshop of 20 December 2011, which discussed the applicable Albanian legal framework for the international confiscation of crime proceeds and the main problems encountered in its implementation.




Project Summary
  English | Albanian
Description of Action (DoA)
Workplan of Activities
Calendar of Activities
Steering Committee
Press Communication
Inception Report
Progress Report
Final Report
Technical Papers
Risk Assessments
Guidebook to corruption and
  financial crimes investigation



2009 - 2010


Venice Commission Opinion on the limitation of parliamentary immunity
GRECO (Main Page)
GRECO 1st  Evaluation and Compliance Reports (2000-2002)
GRECO 2nd Evaluation and Compliance Reports (2003-2006)
GRECO 3rd Evaluation and Compliance Reports (2007-ongoing)
MONEYVAL Reports on Albania
Department of Administrative Internal Control and Anti-corruption (DIACA)
EU Delegation to Albania
CoE Information Office, Tirana, Albania


PACA Project


PACA Visibility Items