Corruption remains a serious challenge for Kosovo*. According to
a number of surveys conducted by national and international organizations,
control of corruption has proved to be scarce. In the field of money
laundering and terrorism financing, recent assessments have also
shown that there is a need for continuous legislative and organizational
reforms to bring Kosovo* in line with European and international
standards. While reforms related to corruption and money laundering
have been underway for several years, there has been no structured,
longer-term process to assess the progress and impact achieved up
to date and highlight short-medium and long term reform steps. In
view of this and while acknowledging the need of a structured and
unified assessment process in Kosovo* and in these areas (Anti-corruption
and Anti-Money Laundering and Countering of Terrorist Financing
based on international/regional standards and practices as well
as the successful experience of previous interventions of the Council
of Europe carried out in Kosovo*, a project to address actions as
such was designed in cooperation with counterpart institutions in
Kosovo* and European Union Office in Pristina. As a results an IPA
2012í Contribution Agreement as a Joint Programme was signed in
January 2012 between the Council of Europe and the European Union
Office in Pristina. The PECK Project started on 1 February 2012,
with a duration of 30 months and a budget of 1,200.000 Euro (EU
funds: 83.3% and CoE funds: 16.7%). The Projectís overall objective
is to contribute to the democracy and the rule of law through the
prevention and control of corruption; money laundering; and the
financing of terrorism in Kosovo*. The Projectís purpose is to strengthen
institutional capacities to counter corruption; money laundering;
and the financing of terrorism in Kosovo* in accordance with European
standards through assessments and recommendations for improving
and streamlining reforms to combat economic crime. The Office of
Good Governance (OGG), the Kosovo* Anti-Corruption Agency (KAA),
and the Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC), are the main counterpart
institutions for this Project.
Coming up soon:
Follow-up reports on the progress made in the implementation of the 1st cycle recommendations for the anti-corruption (AC) and anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) components
At the end of April 2014, the PECK Project finalised and submitted to the Kosovo authorities
Follow-up reports assessing progress made in the implementation of the 1st cycle assessment recommendations for both AC and AML/CFT components. The reports cover the period from 10 June 2013 (official adoption of the assessment reports) to 14 February 2014 and are available in English, Albanian and Serbian languages. In addition, the Project has disseminated the reports to all relevant stakeholders, including international organisations and civil society, and urged the Kosovo authorities to publish them on their respective websites as well.
The Follow-up reports were prepared based on the information collected by the Project from relevant beneficiary institutions and open sources. The first drafts were discussed with the representatives of beneficiary institutions at the interagency workshop held in Pristina on 3-4 December 2013. In addition, the authorities had the opportunity to comment and provide additional information in writing until mid-February 2014. The reports concluded that despite some positive developments the progress made so far is rather slow and limited. In view of this, the Kosovo authorities are strongly urged to make vigorous and sustainable efforts in order to implement the pending PECK recommendations and thus improve compliance with international standards in AC and AML/CFT fields. This would require strong political commitment in addition to co-ordinated, prioritised and effective measures that need to be taken without any further delay.
The implementation of the pending recommendations will be re-assessed by the PECK Project in the 2nd assessment cycle at the end of which final assessment reports on compliance with international standards will be drawn up.
in the past:
Study visit to Italy (Rome, 14-16 July 2014)
The PECK Project organized a three-day study visit to Rome, Italy, for a delegation of nine members of: the Kosovo* Anti-corruption Agency; Kosovo* Judicial Council; Ministry of Justice; Special Prosecutorís Office; Kosovo* Prosecutorial Council; and Kosovo* Police.
The main objective of the activity was to promote cooperation in the anti-corruption field between relevant agencies and enable participants to exchange experiences concerning legal, institutional and implementing aspects of the anti-corruption framework as seen as well from the Italian perspective.
The study visit involved meeting sessions with the Italian National Anti-Corruption Authority for Evaluation and Transparency of Public Administration (A.N.A.C.); Ministry of Justice; State Prosecutorís Office; State Police (Central Directorate of Criminal Police; Central Anti-crime Directorate and National Anti-mafia Investigation Bureau); Arma dei Carabinieri and Garda de Finanza; who presented the activities and experience of their respective institutions in effectively fighting and preventing corruption.
The study visit was praised by the participants as a very useful opportunity to get first-hand information and examples from practice in preventing and fighting corruption and served for establishing and strengthening the already established contacts between institutions for any future mutual cooperation.
Technical expertsí meeting of PECK AC Assessment Team to discuss the draft AC final assessment report
(Strasbourg, France, 7 July 2014)
PECK AC Assessment Team discussed the 1st draft version of final assessment report for the AC component during the technical expertsí meeting held in Strasbourg on 7 July 2014. In parallel the AML/CFT Assessment Team is finalising the 1st draft version of the final assessment report for the AML/CFT component. Both reports will be translated into Albanian and submitted to Kosovo authorities for comments at the beginning of September.
On-site visit of the PECK Assessment Team to Kosovo*
(Pristina, 14-18 April 2014)
The second on-site visit to assess the anti-corruption (AC) and anti-money laundering/combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) frameworks took place in Pristina from 14 to 18 April 2014. The purpose of the visit was to verify and cross-examine replies provided to the AML/CFT 2nd cycle Questionnaire, and to collect additional information on the implementation of the 1st cycle recommendations for both AC and AML/CFT components. To this end, the Assessment Team met with a wide range of authorities, as well as representatives of international organisations and civil society. The information gathered during the on-site visit will help the Assessment Team to make a qualified and balanced judgment on the compliance of legal and institutional frameworks with international AC and AML/CFT standards, and together with the replies to the Questionnaire and additional information provided after the on-site visit, will serve as a basis for drafting Final Assessment Reports on Kosovo*.
Workshop on data collection, maintenance and reporting of
statistics for assessment purposes
(Pristina, 26-27 February 2014)
One of the deficiencies identified during the 1st assessment cycle was lack of statistics and/or lack of harmonisation of available statistics on economic crime between reporting institutions. In view of this, a second workshop on best practices and lessons learned by the Kosovo* authorities from the participation in the assessment process focused on data collection, maintenance and reporting of statistics for assessment purposes. About 50 representatives of all relevant institutions, including 7 basic courts and prosecution offices in Kosovo, participated in the workshop and provided information on the current state of play with regard to statistics in their respective institutions. Two Council of Europe experts presented good practices of crime record keeping (including methodology, legal basis and quality assurance) and production of reliable, interactive and integrated statistics for tracking and tracing economic crime cases based on the experience and practice in the UK and Netherlands.
of Mr Edmond Dunga, PECK
Advisor, Council of Europe
of Mr Steve Bond, Council of Europe Expert
of Mr Petrus V. Duyne, Council of Europe Expert
Activities in the past: