There has always been recognition of the major role performed by culture in the progress of social knowledge, understanding of others and transmission of values. Together with democracy and human rights, it constitutes a precondition for a satisfying life, and a source of fulfilment.
The Council of Europe from its creation has been aware of the role of culture and education in encouraging respect for cultural diversity while furthering common values.
Adopted on 19 December 1954 , the Cultural Convention is the foundation for European co-operation in the fields of culture, education, youth and sport. Its aim is to encourage cultural co-operation in all its manifold forms, to foster understanding and knowledge between European countries, and to preserve their cultural heritage and treat it as an integral part of a broader "European" heritage.