Roma communities are heavily affected by difficult living conditions. Rejection, in various forms, remains a dominant feature of relations between Roma and their immediate surroundings. Tension soon gives way to conflict, with the result that Roma are often harshly treated and in a constant state of insecurity. This is reflected in achievement at school, and illiteracy becomes a serious handicap in an environment where the use of writing is an everyday necessity : the future of Roma communities hinges very much on arrangements for schooling their children.
The objective of the Route of Roma Culture and Heritage is to increase the knowledge of people in Europe about Roma history, culture, values and lifestyle, to encourage the contribution of Roma to Europe's cultural life and diversity and ultimately contribute to giving a positive value to an image of Roma which are, more often than not, perceived in a negative and stereotyped way.
The European Social Charter, adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996, guarantees social and economic human rights of all individuals in their daily lives. The Rights guaranteed by the Charter are housing, health, education, employment, legal and social protection, free movement of persons and non-discrimination.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
ECRI is the Council of Europe's monitoring body, combating racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance in greater Europe, from the perspective of the protection of human rights. Its action covers all the measures needed to combat violence, discrimination and prejudice against persons or groups of persons on grounds of race, colour, language, religion, nationality or national or ethnic origin.
Protecting the rights of national minorities has become one of the most serious and pressing issues in Europe today. Ethnic and racial tensions, simmering over the years, have resurfaced, often in acute form and even as armed conflict. The Council of Europe has sought to tackle these issues at both political and legal levels.
The Commissioner for Human Rights is an independent institution within the Council of Europe, mandated to promote the awareness of and respect for human rights in Council of Europe member states. The Commissioner's work focuses on encouraging reform measures to achieve tangible improvement in the area of human rights promotion and protection.
The Council of Europe's activities to promote linguistic diversity and language learning in the field of education are carried out within the framework of the European Cultural Convention. The Language Policy Division implements intergovernmental medium-term programmes with a special emphasis on policy development. Initiatives for the teaching of Romani.
This Europe-wide anti-discrimination campaign is being run in conjunction with media professionals throughout Europe. Aimed at the general public and media professionals, the key focus of the campaign will be on various aspects of discrimination arising out of racist attitudes and prejudices, in particular those with an Islamophobic, anti-Semitic and anti-Gypsy background.
The European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF), which has a partnership agreement with the Council of Europe and a special status with this institution, is Europe's largest and most inclusive Roma and Traveller organisation. It brings together Europe's main international Roma-NGOs and more than 1,500 national Roma and Traveller organisations from most of the Council of Europe member states.
The Decade of Roma Inclusion 2005-2015, is an initiative adopted by eight countries in Central and Southeast Europe, and supported by the international community. It represents the first cooperative effort to change the lives of Roma in Europe. An action framework for governments, the Decade monitors progress in accelerating social inclusion and improving the economic and social status of Roma across the region.
The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights is the principal OSCE institution responsible for strengthening democratic structures, tolerance and advancing human rights, including those concerning Roma and Sinti. Calendar.
OSCE-ODHIR/EC Joint web site on legislation. It also contains a section on Roma and Sinti issues.
The Agency provides the relevant institutions and authorities of the Community and its Member States when implementing Community law with information, assistance and expertise on fundamental rights in order to support them when they take measures or formulate courses of action within their respective spheres of competence to fully respect fundamental rights. Calendar.
Within the European Commission, an Inter-Service Group, bringing together 14 different departments and chaired by the Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities DG, coordinates the different policies and programmes tackling Roma issues, including the legal framework for equal treatment and non-discrimination, forums for policy cooperation and provision of financial resources.
The ERRC is an international public interest law organisation engaging in a range of activities aimed at combating anti-Romani racism and human rights abuse of Roma. The approach of the ERRC involves, in particular, strategic litigation, international advocacy, research and policy development, and training of Romani activists.
OSI is a major nongovernmental funder and policy advocate on Roma issues in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe, working on a wide range of issues, including civil society development, education, media, gender, local government and health.
Founded in 2003, located in Brussels, contributes to the political and public discussions surrounding Roma by providing factual and in-depth information.
Emphasises the exchange of information on Roma. Its objective is to fight against prejudice towards Roma, their culture and tradition.
Website providing news and many links to a range of articles, such as: "general history of the Roma", "situation of the Roma since 1989", "traditional family life"...
Programmes for Roma
Advances majority-minority relations in the wider Europe through action, research and documentation. It supports the stabilization of areas of ethnopolitical tension and conflict, contributes to the strengthening of relevant legislation and best practices in minority governance, and enhances the capacity of civil society actors and governments to engage with one another in a constructive and sustainable way.
(Information in Italian, English and French)
- Romani Linguistics Page
This site provides information on the Romani language and on linguistic research on Romani. The site is operated by the Manchester Romani Project – a cluster of academic research activities based at the School of Languages, Linguistics and Cultures at the University of Manchester.
Promotion of RROMA cultural identity in the entire world. The knowledge of one's nation culture represents the key of peace, harmony and understanding between all countries in the world.