This section provides a reminder of general Council of Europe principles, which are equally relevant to language policies concerning adult migrants. It covers issues related to the evaluation of language policy for adult migrants, including the design and quality of language courses.
The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is the best-known and most widely used Council of Europe tool in the area of language education and testing.
This section explains how the CEFR describes communicative proficiency and how it can be used to construct flexible scales and design language courses. The section emphasises that it is essential to exercise caution when applying the CEFR’s descriptive scheme to the linguistic situation and language learning needs of adult migrants.
The concept of “linguistic integration” and the complexity of the process is by no means limited to migrants learning the language of the host country. In this text, the varying challenges, approaches and forms are analysed and clarified.
This section is concerned with:
- the provision of language courses,
- various approaches to the assessment of communicative proficiency, including language tests, and
- quality assurance in language teaching and testing.
It offers brief summaries of 16 background papers, case studies and tools concerned with courses, assessment and quality issues.