During the 1940s Winston Churchill was one of the main protagonists in a new regional organisation that was to become the Council of Europe. His speech to a crowd in Place Kléber, Strasbourg, on the occasion of the First Session of the Consultative Assembly was a big media event.

    

  19 September 1946

Winston Churchill's Zurich speech

"We must build a kind of United States of Europe... The first step is to form a Council of Europe".

 

Text of Zurich speech

  7 May 1948

Winston Churchill addresses the Hague Congress (as Honorary President) 

"Since I spoke on this subject at Zurich in 1946 ... events have carried our affair beyond our expectations... We aim at the eventual participation of all European peoples whose society and way of life are not in disaccord with a charter of human rights and the sincere expression of free democracy".

  Full text of speech

  12 August 1949

Winston Churchill addresses the crowd in Place Kléber, Strasbourg

 

Full text of speech [in French]

August 1949

Winston Churchill attends the First Session of the Consultative Assembly. He speaks on several occasions.

Transcript of speech made on 12 August 1949 [bilingual]

  17 August 1949

Speech to the Assembly arguing for Germany to be admitted as a member

Full text of speech

  August 1950

Second Session of the Consultative Assembly. Winston Churchill makes several interventions.

He tables a motion (Doc.47) on the creation of a European Army. The text is adopted (Recommendation 52 (1950)). "This... was the most important decision yet taken by the Consultative Assembly. It reflected the state of disquiet which prevailed in Europe". (Spaak: "The continuing battle", p.217).

The Committee of Ministers replies (Resolution (50) 48) that defence matters do not fall within its competence.

Text of the debate on the European Army, 11 August 1950

Assembly Recommendation AS(2)52 (1950)

Committee of Ministers Resolution (50) 48

  14 April 1951

Letter from Churchill explaining that Lady Tweedsmuir will represent him on the Cultural Committee

Letter from Winston Churchill

  30 November 1964

The Secretary General congratulates Churchill on his 90th birthday

Telex from the Secretary General

  24 January 1965

Death of Sir Winston Churchill

Condolences from Pierre Pflimlin, President of the Assembly, to the UK Government

Telex from Pierre Pflimlin

Condolences from the Secretary General to Lady Churchill

Telex from the Secretary General

  29 January 1965

Secretary General Peter Smithers is asked about a memorial service