Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture
The Council of Europe developed a Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture, to be adapted for use in primary and secondary schools and higher education and vocational training institutions throughout Europe as well as national curricula and teaching programmes.
The Framework itself comprises three volumes.
- The first contains the Model of Competences, as determined by a multidisciplinary team of international experts following extensive research and consultation. The 20 competences are divided into four areas – Values, Attitudes, Skills and Knowledge and critical understanding – and accompanied by information about the background to the model, how it was developed and how it is intended to be used.
- Volume 2 contains a series of statements setting out learning targets and outcomes for each competence. These descriptors are intended to help educators design learning situations that enable them to observe learners’ behaviour in relation to a given competence. The descriptors were tested by volunteer schools and teachers in 16 member states.
- Volume 3 offers guidance on how the Model of Competences might be used in six education contexts. Further chapters will be added in due course.
The Education Policy Advisors Network (EPAN) will contribute to the implementation of the Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture (RFCDC) by encouraging its integration in the education systems of the States Parties to the European Cultural Convention.