The purpose of the Reference Framework is to support member states in developing open, tolerant and diverse societies through their education. Volume 1 contains the model of competences for democratic culture that was unanimously approved by European ministers of education at their standing conference in Brussels in April 2016. It also gives an account of the background to the Framework, offers some important guidance concerning its use, introduces the role of the descriptors that are contained in volume 2, and concludes with a glossary of key terms. Further guidance on implementation of the Reference Framework is offered in volume 3.
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