Action against economic crime

corruptionThe Council of Europe is pursuing a comprehensive approach against corruption (AC) and money laundering (AML) by setting standards in the form of conventions and "soft law" instruments (recommendations and resolutions), and by monitoring their compliance with Council of Europe and global standards through its monitoring mechanisms: the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) and the Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism (MONEYVAL). This approach is often supported through the implementation of technical assistance and co-operation projects or/and programmes.

The Organisation has a unique expertise in the field of combating corruption, money laundering, terrorist financing and pursuing asset recovery through its multidisciplinary approach, which consists of three interrelated elements: the setting of European norms and standards, monitoring of compliance with the standards and capacity building/technical advice offered to individual countries and regions, through its co-operation activities.


The Council of Europe’ legal framework against corruption and money laundering covers the following legal instruments:

CoE Anti-corruption Instruments:

Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 173)

Civil Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 174)

Additional Protocol to the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS 191)

Resolution (97) 24 Concerning Twenty Guiding Principles on the fight against  Corruption

Rec(2000)10E 11 May 2000 on Codes of Conduct for Public Officials

Rec(2003)4 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on Common Rules against Corruption in the Funding of Political parties and electoral campaigns

Rec(2014)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the protection of whistleblowers

CoE Anti-money Laundering Instruments:

Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime [CETS 141]

Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism [CETS 198]

Recommendation on measures against the transfer and safekeeping of funds of criminal origin [Recommendation No R (80) 10].


Group of States against Corruption  (GRECO)

Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism (MONEYVAL).


In using its triangular approach (standard-setting, monitoring, and technical assistance), the Council of Europe provides support, assistance and co operation in reforms concerning economic crime, corruption and money laundering in many of its members States (some emerging from the former-communist block and some from post conflict areas). Thus the results and lessons learned have enriched Council of Europe expertise and equipped us with sustainable “know how”, tools and efficient networking facilities to support important reforms in the newly emerged democracies. Those countries today, have successfully managed to join the European family as Council of Europe member States and contribute on an equal footing to its work.

The added value of Council of Europe presence and partnership in member and non-member States can be found in many aspects of our work but especially on what the Council can offer, in technical assistance and co-operation: allowing access to experience and knowledge in mainstreaming the European acquis; sharing tools that can be used when implementing international standards given its unique ability to use its monitoring mechanisms; coordinating, supporting and hosting professional networks which promote better international co-operation in criminal matters (European Union/Council of Europe member States and other countries). Those networks and exchange of good practices (in implementing and monitoring international and European standards) have served as capacity building promoters and created strong links among homologue practitioners, professionals and government structures that share common goals and objectives when tackling economic and organised crime and its trans-frontier effects. Furthermore the global co-operation on technical matters concerning the fight against economic crime, corruption, and money-laundering is a key element when aiming at the objective in outreaching European values and reinforcing and supporting European neighbourhood policies.
The Council of Europe has supported countries in the implementation of European and international anti-corruption and anti-money laundering standards through technical co-operation and assistance programmes for more than a decade. They are funded from the budget of the Council of Europe but to a large extent also by contributions by countries and organisations such as the European Union, Norway Grants, Sweden, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United States Agency for International Development (USAID).


Russian Federation: Training on "Basic anti-corruption and anti-money laundering concepts" at MGIMO
(Moscow, Russian Federation, 26-30 October 2015)

PCF-Georgia: International Conference on Combating Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing
(Tbilisi, Georgia, 25 September 2015)

PCF-AZ: Ethics Workshop
(Baku, Azerbaijan, 22-23 September 2015)

PCF-Tunisia: Bill on the new constitutional anti-corruption authority of Tunisia is finalized
(Tunis, Tunisia, 21-22 September 2015)

PACS-Serbia: Risk Analysis: international experts visit Belgrade
(23-24 September, Belgrade, Serbia)

PRECOP: Seminar on “Corruption risks, protection mechanisms and good governance for business”
(Irkutsk, Russian Federation, 17 September 2015)

PRECOP: Workshop on “International and Russian practices and principles for pro bono work”
(Irkutsk, Russian Federation, 16 September 2015)

PCF-Ukraine: Ukrainian officials discuss standards and good practices regarding political party financing with CoE and OSCE/ODIHR experts
(Kyiv, Ukraine, 14 September)

PRECOP: Seminar on “Corruption risks, protection mechanisms and good governance for business”
(Kaliningrad, Russian Federation, 15 July 2015)

PRECOP: Workshop on “International and Russian practices and principles for pro bono work”
(Kaliningrad, Russian Federation, 14 July 2015)

PRECOP: Workshop on “Detention and liability of entrepreneurs for economic crimes and failure to execute contracts” (Moscow, Russian Federation, 2 July 2015)

PACS-Serbia: PACS manual on judicial ethics
(Belgrade, Serbia, July 2015)

Activities in the past:
January - June 2015




Norway Grants
  ACAMOL-Czech Republic
PCF Eastern Partnership Programme
  PCF Regional
  PCF Azerbaijan
  PCF Belarus
  PCF Georgia
  PCF Ukraine
PRECOP-Russian Federation
SNAC 2-South Neighbourhood Programme
  SNAC Jordan
  SNAC Morocco
  SNAC Tunisia
  SNAC Regional


January - June 2015
Highlights of 2014


Republic of Moldova
Russian Federation
Slovak Republic
Southeast Europe
Joint activities with international organisations

ECCU anti-corruption digest

Albania, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, FYROM, Georgia, Jordan, Kosovo*, Kyrgyzstan, Montenegro, Moldova, Morocco, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Tunisia, Ukraine


Publications 2015
Publications 2014
Publications 2013
Publications 2012
Publications 2004-2008


(December 2012 - May 2015)
(January 2012-December 2014)
EaP 1 - Facility corruption
(March 2011-December 2014)
(March 2012-June 2014)
(April 2010-May 2014)
(April 2010- April 2013)
(September 2009-December 2012)
ENPI-Bridge Activities
(August - November 2010)
(April 2008 - July 2010)
GEPAC Georgia
(September 2007 - March 2010)
MOLI-RU-2 Russia
(January 2007 - June 2010)
UPAC Ukraine
(June 2006 - December 2009)
TYEC 1 Turkey
(December 2007-November 2009)
AZPAC Azerbaijan
(September 2007-September 2009
MOLICO Moldova
(August 2006 - July 2009)
(May 2006 - April 2009)
UPIC Ukraine
(December 2005-November 2008)
RUCOLA-2 Russia
(July 2006 - November 2007)
(December 2005-November 2007)
(March 2004 - June 2007)
MOLI Projects
(February 2003-October 2006)
PACO Impact
(March 04 - July 2006)
PACO Moldova
(January - December 2005)
PACO Albania 2
(August 2002 - February 2004)
PACO Albania 1
(January 2001 - July 2002)


Legal and Policy Opinions concerning Anti-corruption related Reforms (2004-2009)


Venice Commission Guidelines for financing of political parties
OECD "Bribery Convention"
Commissioner for Human Rights: "Viewpoint on Corruption"
Ratings (as of January 2010)
Anti-corruption related Conventions and Mechanisms (as of 2010)


Economic Crime and Cooperation Unit