Action against economic crime


PACS-Serbia - Strengthening the capacities of law enforcement and judiciary in the fight against corruption in Serbia


In recent years, Serbian authorities undertook a number of important steps in the fight against corruption, including the ratification of key Council of Europe legal instruments in this field - Criminal and Civil Law Conventions against Corruption, as well as the Additional Protocol to the Criminal Law Convention. Despite the reforms undertaken, corruption remains a serious concern for the people of Serbia. The Serbian authorities have acknowledged that corruption is a priority issue that requires comprehensive and serious countermeasures. This includes adequate responses to various challenges in investigating, prosecuting and adjudicating corruption and white collar crime. With the above in mind, the Council of Europe and the European Union have launched, in December 2012, a joint project “Strengthening the Capacities of Law Enforcement and Judiciary in the Fight against Corruption in Serbia” (PACS). With duration of 28 months, the project will encompass specialised training designed for the judiciary, prosecution and law enforcement officers; introduce new IT tools to investigate corruption and white collar crime; and will conduct risk analyses and provide recommendations aimed at improving the efficiency of criminal investigations and proceedings.


Risk assessment of Serbian border police
(9-13 November 2015, Belgrade, Serbia)   

A team of international experts will continue with the analysis of risks on exposure to corruption for specific professions/posts within the Serbian police during their second visit. This visit will comprise interviews and sample analysis of the corruption risks within the Border Police. The experts, accompanied by the project team and counterparts from the Ministry of Interior’s Internal Control Sector, will visit one of Serbia’s border crossing points in order to gain first-hand insight into the Border Police work.

Training on financial investigation
(Arandjelovac, Serbia, 28-30 October 2015)   

Prosecutors, law enforcement officers and representatives of state regulatory bodies, 30 beneficiaries in total, participated in a three-day training workshop on financial investigations and procurement fraud in Arandjelovac, Serbia, from 28 to 30 of October. The training, organised in cooperation with the US Department of Justice and the OSCE, aimed to facilitate the implementation of the Financial Investigation Strategy. It provided an opportunity to present case studies and corruption typologies elaborated in the CoE draft manual for law enforcement and judiciary.

Photo Gallery

Judicial Academy students discuss ethics (Novi Sad and Belgrade, Serbia, 8-9 & 22-23 October 2015)   

Two conferences for the 4th and 5th generation of the Judicial Academy students will be held in Belgrade and Novi Sad in October. Presentations and the case studies delivered by the national trainers certified by PACS will discuss diverse aspects of judicial ethics. These events present the final phase in implementing the project curriculum on ethics, integrity and conflict of interest for judges and prosecutors in 2015.

Agenda: English / Serbian
Photo Gallery

Risk Analysis: international experts visit Belgrade
(23-24 September, Belgrade, Serbia)   

A team of international experts will visit Belgrade on 23-24 September to carry out the second stage of a large scale risk analysis on exposure to corruption for specific professions/posts within police. The experts, accompanied by the project team, will meet the counterparts at the Serbian Ministry of Interior and at the Anti-corruption Agency. The first stage of the analysis was completed in early September and included the provision of the expert opinion on the Ministry of Interior’s Draft Rulebook on Risk Analysis. The overall activity is expected to be completed by the end of November 2015.

Terms of Reference

PACS manual on judicial ethics
(Belgrade, Serbia, July 2015)   

Following the series of trainings for judges and prosecutors held in 2015, PACS manual on judicial ethics was released in July 2015. The manual presents relevant international standards, national legal framework, good practice and hypothetical cases which might be useful to judges and prosecutors once they face an ethical dilemma. The manual will be distributed to courts and prosecutors’ offices throughout the country.

Manual Serbian

Trainings for civil servants on the implementation of the Law on Protection of Whistleblowers
(Kragujevac and Niš, Serbia, 30 June - 1 July 2015)

42 administrative and labour inspectors attended the first two trainings on the application of the Law on Protection of Whistleblowers organised in Kragujevac and Niš on 30 June and 1 July 2015, as support to the Ministry of Justice in the implementation of the recently adopted Law. Series of trainings will be subsequently held across the public sector and will include topics such as international standards, principles of the whistleblower protection system and basic concepts prescribed by the Law, as well as the European Court of Human Rights’ case law.

Agenda English / Serbian
Photo Gallery

Serbian disciplinary commissions learn from French experience
(Paris, France, 15-17 June 2015)

Members of the Disciplinary Commissions of the Serbian High Judicial and State Prosecutorial Councils visited the French capital on 15-17 of June. The delegation met with representatives of the French Ministry of Justice, the State Council, the Superior Council of Magistrates and the General Inspectorate of Legal Services, with the aim to discuss and exchange experience on disciplinary responsibilities of judges and prosecutors. The visit was a final step in a series of activities that PACS project organised with the view to strengthen the capacities of the disciplinary commissions and disciplinary prosecutors of the two Councils.


Project Fifth Steering Committee Meeting
(Belgrade, Serbia, 1 June 2015)  

Subsequent to the decision of the 4th Steering Committee meeting to approve the no-cost extension of the project, the Council of Europe and the European Union Delegation in Serbia signed the Addendum to the Contribution Agreement thus officially prolonging the project duration up to 31 January 2016.

The fifth Steering Committee meeting examined the achievements attained so far, as well as the workplan for the period 15 April – 31 January 2016. The stakeholders unanimously adopted the proposed plan of action, requesting to supplement it with a series of trainings for labour inspectorates on the whistleblowers law.

Agenda English / Serbian

Presentation of the new Serbian Financial Investigation Strategy
(Belgrade, Serbia, 22 April 2015)  

A new Financial Investigation Strategy, prepared by the Ministry of Justice Working Group, was presented and debated in Belgrade on 22 April 2015. The draft policy document is expected to become a key instrument in introducing financial investigation component in criminal proceedings. The roundtable was addressed by high-level representatives of the Ministry of Justice, the EU Delegation in Serbia, the American Embassy and the Council of Europe Office in Belgrade. On the same occasion, the joint CoE-EU project PACS presented a new manual for law enforcement and judiciary on investigating and prosecuting corruption.

Agenda English / Serbian
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Participation in the EU-funded projects Fair
(Belgrade, Serbia, 17 March 2015)  

First EU-funded projects Fair, organised by EU Delegation to Serbia in cooperation with Serbian EU Integration Office and EU Info Centre, featured a selection of successful EU-funded projects implemented in Serbia since 2000. Given its results, PACS was invited to take part in the Fair and took this opportunity to promote and distribute its publications. The Fair was attended by media and the representatives of various ministries and civil society.

Photo Gallery

Training of trainers on CEPOL Curriculum
(Belgrade, Serbia, 11-13 March 2015)  

First training of trainers on how to use the most recent CEPOL Curriculum was delivered to the senior police officers from the Criminal Police Departments of the Ministry of Interior. Three day training programme included in-depth discussions on theoretical background on ethics and integrity and specific case studies.

Agenda English / Serbian

Trainings for judges and prosecutors on ethics, integrity and prevention of conflict of interest
(Nis, Serbia,  27 February & 6 March 2015)  

Subsequent to completion of the training of trainers programmes (November and December 2014) the first follow-up trainings for judges and prosecutors were held. PACS Training Curriculum (ECCU-PACS SERBIA-eng-TP14-2014) served as a basis for the programme which included relevant themes such as international and national legal frameworks, disciplinary proceedings and their challenges, recusal and conflict of interest.

Agenda of 27 February 2015
  English / Serbian
Agenda of 6 March 2015
  English / Serbian

Expert opinion on police code of ethics
(Belgrade, Serbia, January 2015)  

The project finalised the expert opinion on police code of ethics, detailing how this code should be amended as to fully comply with international standards and good practice. The opinion provides a set of recommendations indicating the most suitable roadmap for the forthcoming reform process.

Technical Paper English

Activities in the past:

January - December 2014
January - December 2013


Project Summary
  Serbian / English
Description of Action (DoA)
Workplan of Activities
  English / Serbian
Inception Report
  Serbian / English
Progress Report
Calendar of Activities
Steering Committee
Technical Papers/Deliverables


GRECO (Main Page)
MONEYVAL Reports on Serbia
Ministry of Justice of Serbia
EU Delegation to Serbia
CoE Office, Belgrade, Serbia