The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) is a supra-national court established by the European Convention on Human Rights and hears complaints that concerning contracting state that have violated the human rights enshrined in the Convention and its protocols. Complaints can be brought by individuals or other contracting states, and the Court can also issue advisory opinions. The ECHR jurisprudence allows an evolutive, dynamic interpretation of the provisions of the Convention and keeps it in line with present-day conditions. The case-law of the ECHR has been essential in combating discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, regularly recognising violations of the various articles of the Convention insofar as the human rights of LGBT persons were at stake. A publication on Court case-law on LGBT issues will be available in fall 2012.