Higher Education and Research

ESU – The European Students’ Union

ESU - The European Students’s Union - is the umbrella organisation of 48 national unions of students (NUS) from 36 countries. The NUSes are open to all students in the country regardless of their political conviction, religion, ethnic or cultural origin, sexual orientation and social standing. They are run and controlled by students, which hold democratic elections and are run on democratic lines, they are autonomous and independent in their decision-making and which are representative.

The aim of ESU is to represent and promote the educational, social, economic and cultural interests of students at a European level towards all relevant bodies and in particular the European Union, the Council of Europe and UNESCO. Through its members, the 48 National Unions of Students from 36 European countries, ESU represents 10 million of students in Europe.

For further information please consult the ESU web site.

We also provide relevant documents, policy statements and results of the work of ESU as they become available. These are sorted according to main topics connected with the European Higher Education Area.

General documents


Student Göteborg Declaration, adopted in 2001


Student survey on the implementation of the Bologna Declaration, published in 2003


Policy paper – Creating a European Higher Education Area for and with students


Qualifications framework and two-cycles system


Final report from the 7th European Student Convention on Qualifications Framework, 2004


Policy paper on degree structure


Policy paper on qualification structures


Recognition issues


Policy paper on recognition


Policy paper on the Diploma Supplement


European Credit Transfer System


Policy Paper on ECTS


Student survey on ECTS


Academic mobility


Policy paper on Mobility


Communiqué of the 5th European Student Convention “How to achieve genuine student mobility?”


Quality Assurance and Accreditation


Policy paper on Quality Assurance and Accreditation


Student Quality Assurance handbook


The European Dimension of the Higher Education


Policy paper on joint degrees


Student Participation and Higher Education Governance


Policy paper on student participation


The social dimension of the Bologna Process


Student Equality handbook


Trade in Higher Education and GATS


EUA and ESIB joint declaration: An Academic Community on the Move


Transnational education – TNE


Student TNE handbook