of the Committee of Ministers
Supervision of the execution of judgments and decisions of the European Court of Human Rights
The Committee of Ministers’ annual report presents the status of execution of the main judgments of the European Court of Human Rights by the member States of the Council of Europe. It also provides statistics and information on new cases, cases pending or closed during the year.
This Annual Report contains an overview of major advances and challenges recorded in the execution of the European Court’s judgments and decisions in 2022. It also provides, for the first time, a country-by-country statistical overview, along with information on new, pending and closed cases, and payment of just satisfaction by respondent States.
In 2022, a year marked by the full-fledged aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the former’s exclusion from the Council of Europe, the Committee of Ministers ended the supervision of the execution of 880 cases (including 200 leading cases requiring specific and often wide-ranging measures by States to prevent similar violations), following the adoption by respondent States of individual and/or general measures, including in some cases constitutional and statutory reforms. There was also a new record number of communications from civil society organisations and national human rights institutions.
Nonetheless, the number of new judgments transmitted to the Committee by the Court continued to increase significantly. Also, the complexity and sensitivity of the issues examined by the Committee continue to increase, notably in the context of inter-state cases, Article 18 cases, infringement proceedings, and various systemic, structural or complex problems that member States continue to face. This situation is compounded by the persistent problem in a number of States of insufficient capacity to take measures for the prompt, full and effective execution of the European Court’s judgments.
The report recalls that a more proactive attitude is required from member States involving in particular the development of parliamentary, executive and judicial capacity to respond to the Court’s case-law, including stronger and better resourced national coordination structures able to prevent and remedy violations of the Convention.