Lab 8 - Scarcity and sources of conflict: Managing natural resources to prevent conflict
9 November 2021, 14.30-16.30 - Room 1 – Palais de l’Europe
Sponsored by the Région Grand Est
Nowadays, environmental issues are frequently mentioned in the context of peace and security. In particular, the scarcity of natural resources is increasingly becoming a major source of conflict between and within communities.
What role does good or bad natural resource management play in such conflicts? What are the best tools we currently have for conflict resolution when it comes to natural resources? How do we integrate conflict management into policies and strategies related to natural resources management?
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In Search of Common Ground, Cameroon
In Search for Common Ground addressed violent conflict between Mbororo cattle herders and non-Mbororo farmers in the North West Region of Cameroon. Conflict in the area has a devastating effect on the environment caused by improper use of natural resources and limited capacity to natural resources. The initiative promoted natural resource management and thus peace building between these two groups through the use of alternative conflict management tools such as Dialogue Platforms, which are an example of deliberative democracy in action. Water management committees have initiated market gardening and bee keeping and have consequently led to cross-community solidarity that discourages poor governance and corruption because there are fewer opportunities to take advantage of fractured social ties.
Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist at MBOSCUDA
Born in Ndawara in Boyo Division in the North West Region of Cameroon, Sali Usmanu Mallam is an Indigenous Mbororo. He obtained a BSc in Anthropology, with over 10 years of project management experiences across several Civil Society Organisations prominent among which are Heifer International and Plan International. He worked as Monitoring and Evaluation Officer for Mbororo Social and Cultural Development Association ((MBOSCUDA) for two projects entitled : In Search of Common Ground and Bridging the Gap respectively . All the two project has to do with managing farmer grazer conflicts over the use of scarce natural resources. Moreover, he has a wide range of experience in the use of Alternative Conflict management techniques especially between herders and croppers through the building of mutually beneficial alliances.
A Green Blue Deal for the Middle East, Israel, Palestine, Jordan
EcoPeace Middle East is a unique non-profit non-governmental organization that brings together Jordanian, Palestinian, and Israeli environmentalists. EcoPeace was founded in 1994 to advance sustainable regional development and the conditions for peace by promoting collaboration around shared environmental challenges, especially the need for water. By promoting an understanding that, from an environmental perspective, we are all in the same ‘boat’, EcoPeace seeks to replace policies that fail to take into account the interdependencies of the shared environment with policies that acknowledge a broader perspective of self- interests, and foster leadership prepared to deepen areas of cooperation and trust even in the midst of conflict.
Dalit WOLF GOLAN
Israeli Deputy Director, Regional Development Director
She is the Israeli Deputy Director and Regional Development Director of EcoPeace Middle East. Through EcoPeace, Dalit contributes to environmental sustainability and peacebuilding in one of the most challenging environments imaginable. EcoPeace shows Israelis, Palestinians, and Jordanians how their national destinies and self-interests are inextricably linked to their environment, and thus to each other; encouraging action across conflict lines to advance solutions to pressing environmental concerns. Dalit develops strategic initiatives and partnerships. She is passionate about projects that engage youth in combating climate change and digital technology. Dalit has a degree in psychology and is a certified mediator.
Applying Conflict Sensitivity to Natural Resources Management, United Kingdom
Alert is working with communities and authorities to address tensions in Bekaa Valley, Eastern Lebanon. Water quality was identified as a one of the main sources of tensions there due to challenges in poor waste management and increasing populations. In 2016, Alert supported the establishment of a dialogue group made of community leaders in Bekaa to discuss ways in which water quality can be improved and propose community-led, confidence-building initiatives that improve relationships between communities. Alert has since, been accompanying the group to build its capacity in conflict analysis, tension mapping, perceptions monitoring, and in advocacy to raise awareness of and address water-related and other tensions. Alert has supported the group in cultivating positive relations with municipalities in Bekaa to conduct a conflict sensitivity needs assessment for them. Findings of this assessment will inform the development of a toolkit tailored for municipalities to improve conflict- and gender-sensitive provision of services. Also, to inform a coaching and accompaniment plan that Alert will implement to improve capacities of those municipalities in engaging with local communities following conflict- and gender-sensitive communications approaches. Results and recommendations of this assessment will come out in August and will be presented during the WFD.
Senior Programme Design and Assessment Officer, International Alert
Discussants are invited to take part in the Labs in order to share their experience with the presented democratic initiatives and try to bring broader perspectives to the following discussions.
Chairperson of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons of the PACE (SOC)
Pierre-Alain Fridez (Switzerland, SOC) is a member of the Swiss Federal Parliament and the Chairperson of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE). He is Rapporteur on “Climate and migration”. He is a Medical Doctor by profession.
WFD Youth Delegate
Ivo is currently pursuing a master’s degree in Economics and Management of International Organizations at the Bocconi University in Milan, Italy. Despite majoring in pure Economics, he has been very engaged in youth events over the years and, in particular, on the topic of defense and geopolitics. Most notably, he was a youth ambassador to the NATO for my home country, Bulgaria, for a year. I’m looking forward to expanding my knowledge and skills arsenal in the area of sustainability as well!
Master's student in international relations, Sciences PO, Strasbourg, France
- Labs 2021
- Lab 1 - More heads are better than one: Citizens’ Assemblies on climate
- Lab 2 - Save the planet, make a living: Green entrepreneurship
- Lab 3 - The law as an agent of nature: Access to environmental justice and protection
- Lab 4 - Sustainable cities: When the problem becomes part of the solution
- Lab 5 - Act Local, inspire global: Local initiatives making change
- Lab 6 - Joining forces: Public-private collaborations for the environment
- Lab 7 - Better together: Engaging communities for nature conservation and protection
- Lab 8 - Scarcity and sources of conflict: Managing natural resources to prevent conflict
- Lab 9 - Knowledge is power: Environmental education and training
- Lab 10 - Women's power to act for the climate transition