9 November 2021, 14.30-16.30 - Room 1 – Palais de l’Europe 

Sponsored by the Région Grand Est

Interpretation: FR/EN

Nowadays, environmental issues are frequently mentioned in the context of peace and security. In particular, the scarcity of natural resources is increasingly becoming a major source of conflict between and within communities.

What role does good or bad natural resource management play in such conflicts? What are the best tools we currently have for conflict resolution when it comes to natural resources? How do we integrate conflict management into policies and strategies related to natural resources management?

Lab 8 - Scarcity and sources of conflict: Managing natural resources to prevent conflict
Room 1 – Palais de l’Europe 9 November 2021, 14.30-16.30
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Full screen: ENFR / ORIGINAL

initiative 1 initiative 1

In Search of Common Ground, Cameroon

In Search for Common Ground addressed violent conflict between Mbororo cattle herders and non-Mbororo farmers in the North West Region of Cameroon. Conflict in the area has a devastating effect on the environment caused by improper use of natural resources and limited capacity to natural resources. The initiative promoted natural resource management and thus peace building between these two groups through the use of alternative conflict management tools such as Dialogue Platforms, which are an example of deliberative democracy in action. Water management committees have initiated market gardening and bee keeping and have consequently led to cross-community solidarity that discourages poor governance and corruption because there are fewer opportunities to take advantage of fractured social ties.

Presenter(s)

SALI Usmanu

Usmanu SALI

Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist at MBOSCUDA

Cameroon

Born in  Ndawara in Boyo Division in the North West Region of Cameroon, Sali Usmanu Mallam is an   Indigenous Mbororo. He obtained a  BSc in Anthropology, with over  10 years of project management experiences across several Civil Society Organisations prominent among which are Heifer International and Plan International. He worked as Monitoring and Evaluation Officer for Mbororo Social and Cultural Development Association ((MBOSCUDA)  for two projects entitled : In Search of Common Ground and Bridging the Gap respectively . All the two project has to do with managing farmer grazer conflicts over the use of scarce natural resources. Moreover, he has a wide range of experience in the use of Alternative Conflict management techniques especially between herders and croppers through the building of mutually beneficial alliances.

initiative 2 initiative 2

A Green Blue Deal for the Middle East, Israel, Palestine, Jordan

EcoPeace Middle East is a unique non-profit non-governmental organization that brings together Jordanian, Palestinian, and Israeli environmentalists. EcoPeace was founded in 1994 to advance sustainable regional development and the conditions for peace by promoting collaboration around shared environmental challenges, especially the need for water. By promoting an understanding that, from an environmental perspective, we are all in the same ‘boat’, EcoPeace seeks to replace policies that fail to take into account the interdependencies of the shared environment with policies that acknowledge a broader perspective of self- interests, and foster leadership prepared to deepen areas of cooperation and trust even in the midst of conflict.

Presenter(s)

WOLF GOLAN Dalit

Dalit WOLF GOLAN

Israeli Deputy Director, Regional Development Director

Israel

She is the Israeli Deputy Director and Regional Development Director of EcoPeace Middle East. Through EcoPeace, Dalit contributes to environmental sustainability and peacebuilding in one of the most challenging environments imaginable. EcoPeace shows Israelis, Palestinians, and Jordanians how their national destinies and self-interests are inextricably linked to their environment, and thus to each other; encouraging action across conflict lines to advance solutions to pressing environmental concerns. Dalit develops strategic initiatives and partnerships. She is passionate about projects that engage youth in combating climate change and digital technology. Dalit has a degree in psychology and is a certified mediator. 

initiative 3 initiative 3

Applying Conflict Sensitivity to Natural Resources Management, United Kingdom

Alert is working with communities and authorities to address tensions in Bekaa Valley, Eastern Lebanon. Water quality was identified as a one of the main sources of tensions there due to challenges in poor waste management and increasing populations. In 2016, Alert supported the establishment of a dialogue group made of community leaders in Bekaa to discuss ways in which water quality can be improved and propose community-led, confidence-building initiatives that improve relationships between communities. Alert has since, been accompanying the group to build its capacity in conflict analysis, tension mapping, perceptions monitoring, and in advocacy to raise awareness of and address water-related and other tensions. Alert has supported the group in cultivating positive relations with municipalities in Bekaa to conduct a conflict sensitivity needs assessment for them. Findings of this assessment will inform the development of a toolkit tailored for municipalities to improve conflict- and gender-sensitive provision of services. Also, to inform a coaching and accompaniment plan that Alert will implement to improve capacities of those municipalities in engaging with local communities following conflict- and gender-sensitive communications approaches. Results and recommendations of this assessment will come out in August and will be presented during the WFD.

Presenter(s)

MOIR Stuart

Stuart MOIR

Senior Programme Design and Assessment Officer, International Alert

United Kingdom

He is a peacebuilding and monitoring and evaluation expert at International Alert with over 11 years’ experience, primarily in the post-Soviet space. He is responsible for project design and the monitoring of International Alert’s programming in Ukraine, the South Caucasus, and Central Asia, covering issues related to the prevention sexual and gender-based violence, the promotion of non-violent communication, the prevention of violent extremism, secular-religious tension, and vulnerable communities’ psychosocial needs, youth civic engagement, conflict-sensitive journalism, civil society strengthening, and social cohesion. Stuart holds a Master’s Degree in Development Management from the Open University, UK.
Discussants Discussants

Discussants are invited to take part in the Labs in order to share their experience with the presented democratic initiatives and try to bring broader perspectives to the following discussions.

FRIDEZ Pierre-Alain

Pierre-Alain FRIDEZ

Chairperson of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons of the PACE (SOC)

Switzerland

Pierre-Alain Fridez (Switzerland, SOC) is a member of the Swiss Federal Parliament and the Chairperson of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE). He is Rapporteur on “Climate and migration”. He is a Medical Doctor by profession.

PETROV Ivo

Ivo PETROV

WFD Youth Delegate

Bulgaria

Ivo is currently pursuing a master’s degree in Economics and Management of International Organizations at the Bocconi University in Milan, Italy. Despite majoring in pure Economics, he has been very engaged in youth events over the years and, in particular, on the topic of defense and geopolitics. Most notably, he was a youth ambassador to the NATO for my home country, Bulgaria, for a year. I’m looking forward to expanding my knowledge and skills arsenal in the area of sustainability as well!

moderator moderator
MONTOBBIO Manuel

Manuel MONTOBBIO

Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Spain to the Council of Europe

Spain

rapporteur rapporteur

Jean BALME

Master's student in international relations, Sciences PO, Strasbourg, France