Lab 8 – Elections
8 November 2022, 14.30-16.30 - Room 9 – Palais de l’Europe
Whether because of dissatisfaction with traditional electoral arrangements or due to technological advances, we are witnessing a new wave of innovative approaches to elections. These new approaches either slightly tweak the existing rules or offer an entirely new perspective on how electoral processes should work.
How to test these new approaches before implementing them in real time? How to ensure the trust of the public in the new rules? Can these changes, in one way or another, affect the level of participation in elections or prevent democratic backsliding in individual states? How effective can storytelling be to impact awareness about forgotten historical events and forgotten communities? Is formal public education doing enough?
- Diminuer la taille du texte
- Augmenter la taille du texte
- Imprimer la page
- Imprimer en PDF
Beyond the Binary Ballot - The de Borda Institute
IRELAND and UNITED KINGDOM
Electoral systems vary from the simple binary ballot. There are also lots of decision-making systems, again from the simple binary ballot – “Option X, yes-or-no?” as in nearly every democracy, theocracy and autocracy – to the Borda and Condorcet rules.Binary voting has been (not the but) a cause of dysfunction in the USA, for example, and of mayhem in many pluralist societies: for instance, “all the wars in the former Yugoslavia started with a referendum,” (Oslobodjenje, 7.2.1999); in Rwanda, the 1994 genocide was initiated with the slogan “rubanda nyamwinshi” (‘we are the majority’); in Ukraine too, referendums have again been used as ‘false flags’. In contrast with majority voting, preferential decision-making, as per today’s modified Borda count MBC, can identify the option with the highest average preference; and an average, of course, involves every (voting) member of Congress/Parliament/society. Accordingly, if the MBC were the international norm, democracies could enjoy all-party power-sharing, and political decision-making could involve a process in which politicians had a vested interest in co-operation.
Originally, a submarine naval officer, Peter Emerson gave it all up to volunteer as a teacher in Kenya. Three years later, he cycled 10,000 kms across Central Africa... and learnt, amongst other things, that majority rule does not work well in, say, Rwanda. In 1975, he moved to Northern Ireland. Ha; majoritarianism doesn't work well here either. Or anywhere: indeed, in Russia, the word translates as ‘bolshevism’. So he now runs the de Borda Institute – he speaks Russian, some Serbo-Croat, and a little Chinese – promoting multi-option decision-making, as first developed by another old sailor, Jean-Charles de Borda.
Vote62: Safeguard Thai Elections with Citizen Engagement and Digital PVT – Opendream Co., Ltd.
Opendream is an award-winning technology social enterprise in Bangkok, Thailand, founded in 2007. Vote62 enables Thai citizens to directly contribute to the health of their democracy through action. It is the first citizen-sourced project for independent Parallel Vote Tabulation (PVT) and electoral evaluation in Thailand. Vote62 was originally created by Opendream Co., Ltd. and launched in partnership with Thai NGOs, media groups, social enterprises, and civic organizations prior to the 2019 General Election. Building on the success of Vote62 in the 2019 General Election, 2021 Local Elections, and 2022 Governor Elections, we want to invest more resources into expanding the scope and accuracy of our initiative, and upgrade our approach for the next General Election in 2023.
Co-Founder and product engineer at Opendream Co., Ltd.
Patipat Susumpow is a social entrepreneur, software developer, open data hacker and a public health enthusiast. He got a Bachelor in Computer Engineering and a Master of Public Health degree at Chiang Mai university. He currently serves as co-founder and product architect at Opendream, social enterprise for sustainable digital technology. His main interests are in ICT-based personal health care, non-formal education, open source software development and participatory digital disease detection. He pioneered the idea of disease surveillance in north-eastern provinces of Thailand, developed and implemented DoctorMe: Thailand’s first personal health care telephone application; developed LoveNotYet: Thaialnd’s first sex education game. He works as technology team leader for Participaory Onehealth Disease Detection (PODD). He is also working on game for education, citizen collaboration platform, disaster preparedness game for mobile devices.
e-Voting in Wartime: Protecting Citizens’ Participation - e-Democracy NGO
Originally an initiative of IT professionals united during the Revolution of Dignity in 2014, which was later transformed into a formal non-profit organization e-Democracy NGO (“e-” stands for “electronic”). The mission of the organization is to protect and promote human and citizen rights through the practical implementation of world's best practices in e-democracy. The Russia-Ukraine war coincided with one of the biggest anti-corruption reforms of recent years: the reform of the national anti-corruption bureau. The main function of citizens' participation and control in this process is provided by the Public Council, which is created using electronic voting. Our organization created the first system for e-voting, which has been used since 2015. But in the new reality of war we had to rethink this task in order to ensure safe participation of citizens and to unblock the anti-corruption reform.
Head of E-Democracy NGO
Volodymyr Flonts is the Head of E-Democracy NGO, a Ukrainian software architect and an active public figure in the field of e-government. He created the precedents of the first electronic lawsuit in Ukraine, original author of the first official electronic voting system, and one of the first developers of World Awarded procurement system Prozorro. During 2018-2019, advisor of the Head of the apparatus of Verkhovna Rada (Parliament of Ukraine) in the field of e-law system implementation for Ukrainian parliament .Under the leadership of Volodymyr, E-Democracy NGO became only one in Ukraine who has practical experience in creating electronic voting systems, the regulatory framework for their functioning, and has created a number of unique precedents for Ukraine.
Ma France 2022 - Make.org
Make.org is a neutral and independent European civic tech based in Paris, Berlin and Brussels, whose mission is to involve citizens and mobilise the whole of civil society to positively transform society.
Ma France 2022 is a massive and unprecedented citizen consultation conducted in the run-up to the French presidential election of 2022. This operation is supported by Make.org & France bleu, in partnership with France 3 Régions, and was launched in September 2021 around a large open question put to millions of French people: "Ma France 2022: what are the priorities for our country tomorrow? Throughout the campaign, Ma France 2022 initiated a conversation on the priorities of a million French citizens: the latter have placed subjects linked to democratic and institutional renewal at the top of their priorities.
Founder and CEO of Make.org
Alicia Combaz is founder and CEO of Make.org, the leader of civic tech in Europe. She has worked for more than 10 years in the digital industry, within companies such as Orange or Canal+; She notably created the first Growth hacking Team in France within Deezer, in order to accelerate the growth of the company; In 2016, she joined forces with the former CEO of Deezer to found Make.org. Alicia is a graduate of Neoma Business School. In 2021, she is the winner of the first Le Point-Giverny award, which distinguishes the under 40s who are transforming France.
Discussants are invited to take part in the Labs in order to share their experience with the presented democratic initiatives and try to bring broader perspectives to the following discussions.
“Women of Uganda Network” (WOUGNET), Democracy Innovation Award winner of 2013
As an IR and Diplomacy student and passionate, I envision the World Forum for Democracy as a crucial step towards a new beginning for democratic values and youth empowerment. The latest developments have raised awareness on how democracy can be fragile, and, at the same time, how pivotal it is for us, nowadays, to revitalize it. During my years working for United Network - a NGO affiliated to the UN Department of Global Communications, with a consultative status within the UN ECOSOC, which operates to create and promote innovative learning strategies and projects for young people - I understood how engaging events and participation is a fundamental step to strengthen democratic values and principles, promoting mutual respect and, eventually, enhancing human rights - as a final goal.
- Labs 2022
- Lab 1 – Youth Participation
- Lab 2 – Civic Education
- Lab 3 – History, Awareness and the Power of narrative
- Lab 4 – Citizens’ Engagement
- Lab 5 – E-democracy
- Lab 6 – Social Inclusion
- Lab 7 – Polarisation and Democratic Engagement
- Lab 8 – Elections
- Lab 9 – Protection of Activists and Human Rights’ Defenders
- Lab 10 - Fighting disinformation and the power of social media