7 November 2023 - 11.15-13.00  / Room 6 Palais de l'Europe

Interpretation FR/EN/kr

In cooperation with Council of Europe’s Observatory on History Teaching in Europe                   

Those who do not learn from history are condemned to repeat it. Given how much human suffering has been, and still is, inflicted upon humanity by international conflicts, civil wars, authoritarian regimes, and systems of oppression, learning about the failures of the past can prevent conflicts to simmer or re-erupt.

People are capable of reconciliation and willing to build a better common future when history education can provide the skills and tools to develop critical thinking. Some ways of memorialising and teaching history have the power to impact younger generations. How can we bring together stories and communities to empower us to examine our shared past? How should lessons from history be memorilised? How should history be taught? And more importantly, which stories from our past can contribute to successful democracies and peaceful societies today?

Forum Talk 2: Memory, Memorials and Teaching History

Full screen: ENFR / ORIGINAL

Palais de l'Europe, room 6 7 November 2023 (11.15-13.00)
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Interview with Ernest SAGAGA, Secretary-General of the OACP Press Clubs Federation and President of Ibuka for survivors of the Tutsi genocide


Inês Fialho BRANDÃO

Member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Observatory on History Teaching in Europe, Museum Specialist


Inês Fialho Brandão Head of Mediation and Digital Strategy at the Calouste Gulbenkian Museum (Lisbon, Portugal). Her interests focus on the interplay between museums and sensitive histories. She curated Multiple voices on art and Islam; Collecting for the Res Publica; and Deconfined Histories: World War II refugees in Cascais. Her Ph.D. thesis focuses on the lives and experiences of refugee artists and art dealers in Portugal between 1933 and 1945. She is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Sousa Mendes Foundation and of the Scientific Committee of the Observatory for History Teaching in Europe. 

LEE Taeho

Taeho LEE

Director of Center for Peace and Disarmament of the People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD)

South Korea

Taeho Lee is a civil activist in South Korea. He is a chair of the Steering Committee and a director of the Center for Peace and Disarmament of the Peoples Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD), a watchdog NGO based in Seoul. He is currently serving as a co-convenor of the Korea Peace Appeal, an international campaign to end the Korean War. He is also a member of the editorial board of the quarterly 『Creation and Criticism』, a critical comprehensive magazine on literature and social issues. He has been involved in civic actions related to the prevention of state abuse of power, political reform, and the promotion of peace and human rights. He was one of the co-directors of the Situation Room of the 'Emergency People's Action for the Resignation of the Park Geun-hye Government', which organized the candlelight vigils that led to the impeachment of President Park in 2017.


Frédérique NEAU-DUFOUR

Historian of the Second World War and former director of Struthof


Frédérique Neau-Dufour is « agrégée » and holds a PhD in history. After teaching history and geography until 1998, Frédérique Neau-Dufour was appointed research officer at the Charles-de-Gaulle Foundation. She was curator of the exhibition at the Charles-de-Gaulle memorial in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, the travelling exhibition “Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer, a Franco-German friendship”, and La Boisserie, General de Gaulle’s family home, until 2009. She was then appointed remembrance adviser in the cabinet of Hubert Falco, Secretary of State for Defence and Veterans, to prepare the 70th anniversary of the Appel du 18 Juin. From 2011 to 2019, she directed the European Centre of Deported Resistance Members (CERD) located on the site of the former Struthof concentration camp (Bas-Rhin).



Secretary-General of the OACP Press Clubs Federation and President of Ibuka for survivors of the Tutsi genocide

Ernest SAGAGA is the President of the Ibuka Belgium- an association of survivors of the 1994 Tutsi genocide in Rwanda. He worked as Head of Human Rights and Safety at the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), after serving as the spokesperson of the International Criminal Court in The Hague and, before that, as a journalist for the BBC World Service in London. He holds a Law degree from London University, a master’s degree in diplomatic studies from the University of Westminster and a Postgraduate diploma in international practice of human rights from the School of Law in England and Wales.


Prof. Almasa SALIHOVIC

Public Relations Officer, Memorial Center Srebrenica

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Almasa Salihović is a child survivor of the Srebrenica genocide, during which she lost her older brother. She is active as a speaker at commemorative events worldwide and was recently part of a joint project by the Srebrenica Memorial Center and the War Childhood Museum in Sarajevo to record stories of children who survived the Srebrenica genocide. She lives and works as a teacher in Srebrenica.



Youth delegate


Renzo Diaz Giunta is a Peruvian activist and legal professional. He has been Regional Director of ODM (Organización Democrática Mundial por el Desarrollo) since 2020. Also, he is a Bachelor of Laws by the University of Lima (Peru), and has worked at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Constitutional Court of Peru, and the Peruvian Congress. Plus, he is a member of the International Association of Constitutional Law (Sweden). In addition, he has represented Peru in the XXXVII Meeting of High Ranking Authorities of Human Rights (MERCOSUR). Moreover, during the coup d'état orchestrated by former Peruvian president Pedro Castillo in December 2022, he helped the congressmen restore constitutional order by peacefully removing him from office using constitutionally-democratic mechanisms.


Justine VIZER