Republic of Moldova

ENTRY INTO FORCE of the European Convention on Human Rights

12 September 1997

Number of implemented cases*

269

Examples

Free speech group helps strengthen the right to public protest

Hyde Park is a free speech NGO. It organised a series of protests in Chişinău in 2005 and 2006. However, the authorities banned the events, giving reasons such as the fact that they disagreed with the point the protest was making. The European court ruled that the bans violated the right to free assembly. This and other cases led to reforms to protect free assembly in Moldova.

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Reforms to protect free assembly after protest was banned

In 2001 the Christian Democratic People’s Party of Moldova organised peaceful public protests calling for elections and European democratic values. The authorities banned the meetings. The Strasbourg court ruled that the ban had been disproportionate, and violated the right to free assembly. This case and others led to substantial reforms to protect the right to free assembly in Moldova.

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Protection for religious freedom after church banned from existence

The Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia is an Orthodox Christian Church. The Moldovan authorities refused to register it as a religious organisation, meaning that it could not own property and its members could not meet to practice their religion. The Strasbourg court ruled that the authorities’ refusal to recognise the church had been disproportionate. Substantial reforms were made to protect...

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Reforms made to unreasonable government control of registered ethnicity

Mihai Ciubotaru is a writer and a professor. He wanted to have his ethnicity registered as Romanian. The authorities refused his request, despite his clear links with the Romanian ethnic group. The Strasbourg court ruled in Mr Ciubotaru’s favour, and later reforms gave people more control over their registered ethnicity.

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* This figure includes all judgments and decisions from the European Court of Human Rights (including friendly settlements) concerning which the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers has decided that all necessary follow-up measures have been taken. Source: the database of the Department for the Execution of Judgments of the ECHR, HUDOC-EXEC.