ENTRY INTO FORCE of the European Convention on Human Rights

2 October 1996

Number of implemented cases*



Millions paid in compensation to families whose lands were seized under communism

Following the collapse of communism, Albania decided that compensation should be granted to people who had rightful claims to lands seized under the communist regime. But most of the money was never paid. In response to a ‘pilot judgment’ from the European court, identifying a widespread problem in the country, Albania created a new, efficient compensation scheme and paid out millions to...

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Unfair trial leads to fairer criminal procedures

Two men were convicted of a robbery on the basis of evidence which had been manipulated by police. The European court ruled that the defendants had an unfair trial. The law was changed to improve the identification of suspects and protect the right to a fair trial in Albania.

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Torture of man in custody influences reforms to end police abuse of detainees

Olsi Kaçiu was tortured by police and forced to give a statement which was later used to convict him. The European court found that his torture and unfair trial had violated Mr Kaçiu’s basic rights. As a result of this case and others, a range of reforms was introduced to prevent the ill-treatment of detainees and the use of evidence obtained through ill-treatment.

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* This figure includes all judgments and decisions from the European Court of Human Rights (including friendly settlements) concerning which the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers has decided that all necessary follow-up measures have been taken. Source: the database of the Department for the Execution of Judgments of the ECHR, HUDOC-EXEC.