3 August 1955

Letter from Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi to Paul Levy proposing the Ode to Joy from Beethoven's 9th Symphony as the European Anthem

Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi's letter [French only]

More about Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi ...

  9 December 1955

The Ministers' Deputies adopt the 12-star flag and accompanying heraldic description

Committee of Ministers' Resolution Res(55)32

More about the European Flag ...