Details of Treaty No.141

Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime
Title Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime
Reference ETS No.141
Opening of the treaty Strasbourg, 08/11/1990  - Treaty open for signature by the member States and the non-member States which have participated in its elaboration and for accession by other non-member States
Entry into Force 01/09/1993  - 3 Ratifications.

The aim of this Convention is to facilitate international co-operation and mutual assistance in investigating crime and tracking down, seizing and confiscating the proceeds thereof. The Convention is intended to assist States in attaining a similar degree of efficiency even in the absence of full legislative harmony.

Parties undertake in particular:

  • to criminalise the laundering of the proceeds of crime;
  • to confiscate instrumentalities and proceeds (or property the value of which corresponds to such proceeds).

For the purposes of international co-operation, the Convention provides for:

  • forms of investigative assistance (for example, assistance in procuring evidence, transfer of information to another State without a request, adoption of common investigative techniques, lifting of bank secrecy etc.);
  • provisional measures: freezing of bank accounts, seizure of property to prevent its removal;
  • measures to confiscate the proceeds of crime: enforcement by the requested State of a confiscation order made abroad, institution by the requested State, of domestic proceedings leading to confiscation at the request of another State.
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