Selection 

[Last update: 30 March 2009]

European Anthem

 
 
Beethoven's "Ode to Joy", the 4th movement of his 9th symphony was chosen as the European Anthem by the Council of Europe in 1972. The European Community adopted the same music as their own European Anthem in 1986.
 
 
triangle Selected documents from the Council of Europe Archives

triangle Register of documents in the Archives "European anthem" file

triangle Notes and links
 
 

triangle Selected documents from the Council of Europe Archives

1

1825, 22 January

Note by Beethoven [de, fr]
conferring rights for the 9th symphony (copy)

2

1949, 26 August  

Gaudet proposal [fr]

3

1949, 26 August 

Gaudet dedication [fr]

4

1949, 7 September

Reply to Gaudet [fr]

5

1949, 14 October

Kahlfuss proposal [de]

6

1950, 26 July

2nd letter from Kahlfuss [fr]

7

1950, 14 October

3rd letter from Kahlfuss [fr]

8

1951, 25 September

Horben proposal [de]

9

1951, 28 September

Reply to Horben [fr]

10

1955, 3 August

Letter from Coudenhove-Kalergi [fr]
proposing Ode to Joy as the European Anthem

11

1955, 5 September

Reply to Kalergi [fr]

12

1962, 12 March

Reply to Molter [fr]

13

1962, 3 April

Reply to Aken [fr]

14

1971, 11 March

Letter from Evers, President of European
Conference of Local Authorities
Plea for a European Anthem

15

1971, 30 April

AS/LOC meeting report
Assembly Committee discusses anthem proposal

16

1971, 10 June

Assembly report & draft resolution on a European Anthem

17

1971, 8 July

Assembly resolution proposing Ode to Joy

18

1971, 24 July

SG asks Von Karajan to do an arrangement [de]

19

1971, 12 August

Reply from Emil Jucker (for Von Karajan) [de]

20

1971, 22 November

Letter from Evers, President of European
Conference of Local Authorities
Anthem to be launched on 5 May 1972

21

1972, 12 January

Decision of the Committee of Ministers
Adopting Ode to Joy as the European Anthem

22

1972, 25 January

Memo Leleu to SG [fr]
Copyright issues

23

1972, 28 January

Memo Muller to SG [fr]
Copyright issues

24

1972, 18 February

Letter from Jucker (for Von Karajan) [de]
Von Karajan to retain rights

25

1972, 2 March

Memo de Boer to SG [fr]
Negotiations with Von Karajan

26

1972, 8 March

Meeting of directors [fr]
Copyright issues

27

1972, 7-15 March

Decision of Deputies
Asking Secretariat to resolve copyright issues

28

1972, 11-19 April

Meeting of Deputies
Secretary General clarifies copyright questions

29

1973, 25 January

Assembly: Parliamentary question and reply
On the use of the Anthem

30

1974, 30 September

Golsong memo [fr]
Copyright issues and Rhodesia

31

1985, 30 January

Assembly propose a new anthem

32

1986

Ministers authorise European Community to use European Anthem

 

 

triangle Register of documents in the Archives "European anthem" file [fr]

Under construction
 
 

triangle Notes and links

- The Anthem consists of music only: there is no accompanying text.

- The Council of Europe does not possess any manuscript of the score of the Anthem.

- Copyright for Beethoven’s music is held by Schott Musik.

- The poem "An die Freude" (Ode to Joy) after which the music is named was composed by the German Poet Friedrich Schiller.

- The original arrangement of the Anthem is by Herbert von Karajan.

- European Anthem website

- E.U. European Anthem website

- Schott Musik

- LARCHER, Aloïs: Le Drapeau de l'Europe et l'Hymne Européen [fr, pdf] - Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 1995, pp, 12 - 15