Architectural and Archaeological Heritage
Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe (Granada, 1985)
Granada Convention was adopted on 3 October 1985 in Granada (Spain) and came into force on 1 December 1987 (Council of Europe Treaty Series no. 121). It is open for signature by member states and for accession by non-member states and the European Community.
The adoption of the Convention was both a consecration and a new
beginning - a consecration because it marked twenty years of
European co-operation on architectural heritage and a new beginning because this was the first time that an international treaty had included the principles of integrated conservation.
Monitoring the Granada Convention:
Pilot Case Study Module
Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe (revised) (Valletta, 1992)
The Valletta Convention was adopted on 16 January 1992 in Valletta (Malta) and came into force on 25 May 1995 (Council of Europe Treaty Series no. 143). It is open for signature by member states of the Council of Europe and other states party to the European Cultural Convention and for accession by non-member states and the European Community.
The European Convention for the Protection of the
Archaeological Heritage (revised) replaced and updated the original
London Convention of 1969. It reflected the change in the nature of threats to the
archaeological heritage, which now came less from unauthorised excavations, as in the 1960s, and more from the major construction projects carried out all over Europe from 1980 onwards. The revised Convention drew on twenty-two years of experience in implementing the original Convention. It established a body of new basic legal standards for Europe, to be met by national policies for the protection of
archaeological assets as sources of scientific and documentary evidence, in line with the principles of integrated conservation.
Nearly forty European countries are parties to one or other of the Council of Europe’s heritage conventions. By co-ordinating action to monitor and implement them, and particularly through data pooling, the Council of Europe keeps a watch on heritage policies in Europe. Its aim is to help states meet new challenges and work together to find the most appropriate solutions.
The Steering Committee on Cultural Heritage and Landscape (CDPATEP)
carries out periodic follow-up to these two Conventions, and is
assisted by specialist expert groups:
The Europae Archaeologiae Consilium (EAC) which
cooperate on follow up to the Valetta Convention with a view to strengthening the tools available on the HEREIN Network. From 2010, specific case studies will be developed, such as on the problem of illegal trafficking of
A working group responsible for follow-up
of the Granada Convention (First
meeting of the Working Group on the Granada Convention:
Follow-up to the Granada Convention:
2nd Working Group Meeting)
Heritage Network (HEREIN) plays a prominent role in monitoring these conventions
as a permanent information system bringing together government departments responsible for cultural heritage under the umbrella of the Council of Europe.
Set up in 1999, the Network has become a reference point for government bodies,
professionals, research workers and non-governmental organisations active in
this field. The HEREIN information system comprises a database on heritage
policies kept up to date by the national coordinators of the system, a
multilingual thesaurus and a variety of services which are being developed and
which should foster transnational cooperation between public actors in the field
of heritage and more widespread information for the general public.