On the morning of 27 January 1945 the Auschwitz-Birkenau camps still held some 7,000 prisoners. Over a million people deported to Auschwitz perished there. It is estimated that six million Jews were exterminated in the death camps.
The Council of Europe was the moving spirit behind the introduction of a Day of Holocaust Remembrance and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity. Education ministers from member states took the decision in October 2002. While Germany and France have chosen 27 January, the day when Auschwitz was liberated, Holocaust Day varies in other countries according to the respective historical experience.
The Council of Europe also helps teachers with their Holocaust Remembrance Day preparations by making available teaching material for raising pupil awareness of those dark times and exploring the topics of genocide and crimes against humanity so as to promote prevention, understanding, tolerance, and friendship between nations, races and religions.
- Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitation to Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes
- Dates of the day in other States
- Historical background
- Teaching about the Holocaust in the 21st century
- The shoah on screen - Representing crimes against humanity
- European pack for visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum - Guidelines for teachers and educators (2011)
- Other publications