«В Румынии присутствуют препятствия системного характера, существенно осложняющие осуществление эффективной защиты прав инвалидов»,- заявила сегодня Комиссар Совета Европы по правам человека Дуня Миятович, публикуя доклад о своём визите в страну, состоявшемся в ноябре 2018 г. Основное внимание в докладе уделяется правам инвалидов, вопросам, связанным с насилием в отношении женщин, а также продолжающейся реформе судебной системы и уголовного законодательства.
Комиссар отмечает, что несмотря на усовершенствованную правовую базу и государственный план действий, для устранения сохраняющихся пробелов в области защиты прав инвалидов требуются широкомасштабные изменения. Комиссар настоятельно призывает власти уточнить полномочия учреждений, уполномоченных рассматривать данные вопросы, а также усилить контроль и укрепить сотрудничество с некоммерческими организациями в этом направлении.
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Commissioner Mijatović is particularly concerned about the underfunding of the social care system for adults and children with disabilities. In this context, she regrets that recently, after the drafting of her report, the Parliament adopted a budget law for 2019 which fails to guarantee the allocation, from the state budget, of the funds necessary to support the child protection system and the social care system for persons with disabilities. These developments can have serious consequences for the observance of the human rights of children, with or without disabilities, and of adults with disabilities in Romania and go against the Commissioner’s recommendations.
The Commissioner also calls on the authorities to repeal the current legislation which allows the involuntary placement of persons with disabilities in closed institutions. She also recommends taking urgent measures to mitigate the most severe human rights violations caused by involuntary placements. “There is a need to move from the institutionalisation of persons with disabilities to their full inclusion in society. The authorities should develop community-based support services, increase the accessibility of public spaces and services and promote a more inclusive labour market.”
Furthermore, the Commissioner stresses that “providing children with disabilities with care in families, preventing their discrimination in education and ensuring their protection from any form of violence or abuse is paramount.”
As regards the planned amendments to the guardianship system for persons with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities, the Commissioner calls on the authorities to ensure that the new system will no longer allow the deprivation of such persons of their legal capacity, which severely limits their human rights. “The authorities should safeguard the right of persons with disabilities to enjoy legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.”
Concerning violence against women, the Commissioner calls on the authorities to effectively implement the existing legislation and demonstrate stronger commitment to protecting women from violence. She urges the authorities to improve data collection, allocate sufficient resources to the National Agency for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men and to county and local authorities, and encourage cooperation between institutions and with civil society. Moreover, she calls on the authorities to develop the network of shelters for victims of domestic violence, to ensure that protection orders are systematically enforced and to improve access to justice for women victims of domestic violence, including through enhanced capacity-building for the police, prosecutors and the judiciary. “The rights of the victims should be at the heart of all measures taken to combat all forms of domestic violence and violence against women”, she says.
The Commissioner also stresses the crucial need to implement the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights related to the protection of the human rights of persons with disabilities and victims of domestic violence.
Lastly, the Commissioner underlines the importance of maintaining the independence of the judiciary and urges the authorities to give effect to the recommendations of the Venice Commission and GRECO and to carry out the justice and criminal law reforms in full compliance with Council of Europe and international human rights standards.