Secretary General Jagland says Catalonia crisis must be solved within the context of the Spanish constitution

Parliamentary Assembly Session 10 October 2017 Strasbourg

Council of Europe Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland, in reply to questions from PACE members, has emphasised the importance of resolving the conflict in Catalonia on the basis of the existing Spanish constitution, or an amended version of it. He rejected the idea of international mediation, and...

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Spokesperson of the Secretary General: Meeting between Secretary General Jagland and the Foreign Minister of Spain, Alfonso Dastis Quecedo

Spokesperson of the Secretary General 9 October 2017 Strasbourg

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, today met with the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs and Co-operation, Alfonso Dastis Quecedo for a detailed and comprehensive exchange regarding the situation in Catalonia. The Secretary General emphasised the importance of...

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Statement on recent arrests of LGBTI persons in Azerbaijan

Spokesperson of the Secretary General 2 October 2017 Strasbourg

We are very concerned by reports from Azerbaijan alleging mistreatment of LGBTI persons by police. Discrimination of minorities, sexual or other, is against the European Convention of Human Rights. LGBTI persons have no special rights under the Convention; they have the same rights as anyone...

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European Day of Languages 2017: statement from Council of Europe Secretary General, Thorbjørn Jagland

Secretary General 26 September 2017 Strasbourg

"This year's European Day of Languages celebrates innovation in language learning and teaching. This provides us with the perfect opportunity to highlight the huge value of Europe's cultural diversity. Europe's nations are always at their strongest and most prosperous when we are open and...

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International Day of Democracy 2017

Secretary General 14 September 2017 Strasbourg

Statement from Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland

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Statement by the Spokesperson on the release of Mehman Aliyev

Spokesperson 11 September 2017 Strasbourg

Mehman Aliyev, a prominent journalist and editor-in-chief of the renowned news agency Turan, was released from custody and placed under police supervision today. While his release from custody is to be welcomed, we note that criminal charges against him have not been dropped. In his statement of...

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Respecting fundamental rights, security forces and fight against terrorism

Council of Europe 7 September 2017 Strasbourg

Conference held by Council of Europe and French Defender of Rights

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Meeting of Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland with the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron

Secretary General 31 August 2017 Paris

Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland and President Emmanuel Macron met today at the Elysée Palace to discuss current developments in Europe and issues of common interest. The President and the Secretary General underline the excellent cooperation between the host nation France and the...

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Secretary General Jagland meets President Macron at the Elysée on 31 August

Secretary General 30 August 2017 Strasbourg

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, will meet the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron in Paris on Thursday. Topics of discussion include: The important role of France as host nation of the Council of Europe and European Court of Human Rights; European...

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Statement on the arrest of Mehman Aliyev in Azerbaijan

Secretary General 25 August 2017 Strasbourg

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, has today made the following statement in response to the arrest of journalist Mehman Aliyev: “I have been informed that Mehman Aliyev, a prominent journalist and editor-in-chief of the renowned news agency Turan, was detained...

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Violence in Barcelona is an attack on Europe’s freedom and democracy

Secretary General 18 August 2017 Strasbourg

Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland today issued the following statement, “Innocent people – children, adults, residents and visitors to one of Europe’s most attractive touristic cities have been hit by cowardly acts of violence. I strongly condemn the heinous terrorist attacks in Barcelona. The...

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Belarus death sentences: Secretary General reiterates disappointment

Secretary General 21 July 2017 Strasbourg

Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland reacts to two death penalty sentences pronounced today in Belarus “I am deeply concerned by the decision of the Mogilev regional court in Belarus to pronounce two death penalty sentences today,” said the Secretary General. “I reiterate our disappointment and...

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Secretary General expresses concerns over situation in Turkey in call to Prime Minister

Secretary General 20 July 2017 Strasbourg

Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland has released the following statement: "Yesterday evening, I had a phone conversation with Mr Binali Yıldırım, Prime Minister of Turkey, to discuss the latest developments in the country. One year after the attempted coup, I told him that this event should be...

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Secretary General raises concerns over Polish draft law on Supreme Court

Secretary General 18 July 2017 Strasbourg

Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland has sent a letter to the Speaker of the Sejm, Mr Marek Kuchciński, concerning the new parliamentary draft law on the Polish Supreme Court. Highlighting the crucial role played by Supreme Courts in democracies, he wrote that he was particularly concerned by the...

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Secretary General welcomes Norway’s ratification of the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence

Council of Europe 5 July 2017 Strasbourg

“It’s good news that Norway has now ratified the Istanbul Convention of the Council of Europe. More and more countries realise the need for legally binding standards to help states put an end to the scourge of violence against women, and to commit themselves to co-operating with our monitoring...

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EU High Representative Mogherini in exchange of views with Committee of Ministers, Secretary General Jagland

Secretary General 5 July 2017 Strasbourg

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission today attended the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe for an exchange of views on relations between the two organisations. Prior to the exchange...

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The Secretary General, Thorbjørn Jagland, paid tribute to the “remarkable life and career of Simone Veil”

Secretary General 30 June 2017 Strasbourg

“With her passing, we have lost one of Europe’s most iconic figures. A potent symbol in France of Holocaust remembrance and a champion of women’s rights, Simone Veil was a committed European who was the first president of the European Parliament. She left an indelible mark on the second half of...

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Secretary General on official visit to Ireland, speech to the European Broadcasting Union

Secretary General 28 June 2017 Strasbourg

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, is making an official visit to Ireland on 29-30 June where he meet the Minister for Justice, Charles Flanagan, Minister of State for European Affairs Helen McEntee and parliament speaker Seán Ó Fearghaíl. He aslo had a meeting...

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Secretary General Jagland says justice must start to work in Turkey now

Parliamentary Assembly Session 26 June 2017 Strasbourg

Council of Europe Secretary General Thorbjørn Jagland, in reply to questions, has told PACE members that he is concerned by the current situation regarding fundamental rights in Turkey. Following the decision to charge Taner Kiliç, Chair of Amnesty International Turkey, with “membership of a...

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Speeches Speeches

PACE Joint debate on Migration and Refugees

Strasbourg , 

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It is a pleasure to welcome you all here today.

But as you all know, tragic events beyond Europe’s shores continue to generate waves of immigration.

People that Europe has struggled to support at the speed and to the extent that would serve the best interests of everyone.

Make no mistake, the migration crisis is far from over.

Migrants and refugees continue to risk everything in search of a better life in Europe.

84,000 have crossed the Mediterranean Sea so far this year: and more than 2,100 of them have drowned or gone missing.

It is not just the volume of arrivals that is staggering but the build-up of people in specific areas and the consequences for specific countries:

Thousands of people remain stranded in the Greek islands and mainland.

Thousands more are waiting to have their asylum applications processed by countries struggling to cope.

And today 3.2 million refugees and other migrants live in Turkey – the highest number of any country.

Too few countries are being asked to cope with too great a number of new arrivals, which can fuel nationalism, populism and xenophobia among their citizens.

And here at the Council of Europe we are as frustrated as anyone at these seemingly intractable problems.

We cannot of course solve the political problems that lead so many people to risk their own lives – and those of their children – in search of a better existence.

Nor is it within our remit to manage migration systems.

But it is our responsibility to ensure that our member states understand and uphold the human rights standards to which everyone among us is entitled.

As soon as an individual is under the jurisdiction of a member state, or sets foot on our soil, they are covered by the terms of the European Convention on Human Rights and protected by the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights too.

In order to do this, governments must take the lead.

Let me start with one of the most pressing aspects: one about which I feel very strongly.

The protection of refugee and migrant children.

Last year, 100,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain alone.

Of these, more than a third were unaccompanied.

These young people are extremely vulnerable.

Vulnerable to smuggling and trafficking; to crime and exploitation; and to sexual and gender-based violence and abuse.

Without parental care, they are at the mercy of other people and bureaucratic systems.

And we know that for those granted only temporary residence, the motivation to abscond means that many of these young people are now missing.

10,000 and rising: more vulnerable than ever.

From their treatment on arrival through to building their secure future, these minors have rights under both the Geneva Convention and the European Convention on Human Rights.

And we are empowering our member states to deliver them.

Last months’ Committee of Ministers’ session in Nicosia adopted our new Action Plan, Protecting Refugee and Migrant Children in Europe.

That plan rests on three pillars.

First, ensuring access to rights and child-friendly procedures, including every child having a nationality.

Second, promoting effective protection, with guardianship systems in each member state, measures to prevent violence, exploitation and the arbitrary deprivation of liberty – and the fast and efficient provision of family reunification in line with international standards.

And third, enhancing the integration of children with the provision of quality education and the means to participate in their new community.

We should be judged by our treatment of the most vulnerable in society, and here at the Council of Europe we are determined to pass that test.

Of course, all arrivals – young through to old - should be received fairly, in line with the law.

That means ensuring that the right to apply for asylum is respected in practice and that asylum seekers are not simply pushed back to the border.

It means that those who arrive are accommodated in appropriate reception facilities.

And it means that new arrivals do not end up in detention because there is nowhere else for them to go.

Certainly, it is difficult to consider that immigration detention is in the best interests of the child.

Asylum procedures must also function efficiently and fairly so that people are not left dangling in a state of uncertainty over a prolonged period of time.

It is no surprise that countries experiencing unprecedented migration flows sometimes struggle to meet these standards.

But they must do so: that is the law.

The Council of Europe is taking a range of steps to help our member states comply.

We provide training to border guards and we are looking at ways to strengthen the mechanism for complaints about law enforcement on borders.

The Bank of the Council of Europe is investing in facilities such as the Eleonas refugee camp in Athens where our next speaker, Mayor Giorgos Kaminis, has made real efforts to ensure that new arrivals receive a decent standard of treatment.

And our steering committees on human rights and legal cooperation are working on alternatives to migrant detention and on standards of detention.

Our efforts must also of course take into account recent work done by the Committee for the Prevention of Torture.

For member states struggling to maintain good asylum procedures, we are also providing support through our HELP e-learning course which builds the capacity of those involved in the claims process to meet the terms of the Geneva Convention and the European Convention on Human Rights too.

But immediate measures are no substitute for a long-term strategy.

It is in everyone’s interests that new citizens are able to integrate, adapt and contribute to wider society.

For this we need national governments to provide a combination of social rights and integration policies.

The European Committee of Social Rights and ECRI set the targets for which they should aim.

For example, children deserve decent health care, and education.

But of course so too do the long-standing population.

Grievance, resentment and prejudice are more easily stoked where some citizens feel that others are better cared for.

Where equitable provision of rights and services is provided, that tension is eased.

It is also eased when communities within that society are integrated and pulling in the same direction.

Not enough attention has been paid to this area by every member state.

The Council of Europe has long organised initiatives to help countries give their new arrivals the language skills they need, and there are now moves towards standard setting in this area.

We also give guidance on recognising refugees and migrants’ professional and academic qualifications, so that they can find work more easily.

And our range of measures to break down inter-cultural barriers include teaching democratic culture and intercultural dialogue, training young people to spot and discredit hate speech on the internet and our Intercultural Cities Network through which 120 cities worldwide are pioneering policies that break-down community divisions and enhance security and economic growth.

So the challenge is unprecedented, but the law is clear, and the Council of Europe stands ready to help our member states apply it.

I hope that my appointment of Ambassador Tomáš Boček as my Special Representative on Migration and Refugees is a clear signal of my personal commitment to that.

But today is an opportunity for you to debate not just the action that we are taking – of which I have given you a sample – but of what more we could and should do to ease the pain for those arriving in Europe and ease the strain for those countries doing their level best to accommodate them.

This Assembly has played a significant role in identifying these problems and drawing attention to them to the Committee of Ministers and the Council of Europe as a whole.

I am sure that you will use today to continue that very fine work.