From the mid-1990's onwards, in the framework of the Secretary General "New Initiative", the Enhanced Graz process and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, several programmes of a regional nature were devoted to the Russian Federation, the countries of the Caucasus, Black Sea countries and South-Eastern Europe, and undertaken in cooperation with various partners.

Based on comparable principles involving the preparation of new textbooks, the modernisation of teaching content and curricula and teacher training, they are each geared to the specific features of the regions concerned.