The Council of Europe’s Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) has published today the report on its ad hoc visit to Portugal, which took place from 3 to 12 December 2019, together with the response of the Portuguese authorities.
In the course of the visit, the CPT’s delegation received a considerable number of credible allegations of ill-treatment by police officers. The alleged ill-treatment consisted primarily of slaps, punches and kicks to the body and head as well as beatings with batons and took place at the time of apprehension, as well as during time spent in a police station. The CPT concludes that the resort to ill-treatment is not infrequent and is not the result of a few rogue officers. Persons of African descent, both Portuguese citizens and foreign nationals, appear to be at greater risk of being ill-treated.
The report calls for vigorous action to promote a police culture where it is regarded as unprofessional to resort to ill-treatment. The CPT is also highly critical of the system of investigations into cases of ill-treatment, whereby police officers committing acts of ill-treatment are not held to account. The CPT recommends additional resources being provided to the General Prosecutor’s Office to enable investigations into alleged cases of ill-treatment to be carried out promptly and thoroughly.
As regards prisons, it is positive that the prison population has been reduced. However, localised overcrowding in prisons such as Caxias, Porto and Setúbal remains a serious problem which severely affects living conditions, the regime, staff-inmate relations and good order. Vulnerable persons detained in these three prisons were held in very poor conditions with less than 3m² of living space each and confined to their cells for up to 23 hours a day.
The CPT also makes a series of observations to improve the oversight of interventions to quell disturbances in prisons, and it expresses its strong reservations about the use of firearms and other means of coercion such as flash bangs and CS gas within a confined prison setting. It also makes a number of recommendations on prisoner activities, health care and discipline, and stresses the need to reinforce staffing levels and training.
In respect of the Psychiatric Clinic of Santa Cruz do Bispo Prison, the CPT again found that patients were held in appalling conditions in a prison-like atmosphere. Given that this establishment cannot provide a therapeutic environment for the care and treatment of psychiatric patients, the CPT reiterates its recommendation that the facility be closed down and the patients relocated to an appropriate psychiatric or social care facility.
In their response, the Portuguese authorities provide information on the steps being taken to address the CPT’s recommendations regarding police ill-treatment and improving the treatment of persons held in prisons. Reference is also made to a joint Health and Justice Ministers’ appointed working group to review the current Mental Health Law.
The report and response have been made public at the request of the Portuguese authorities.