Romania // 46 States, one Europe
Romania joined the Council of Europe on 7 October 1993
Action of the Council of Europe in Romania
Prevention of torture
The European Committee for the prevention of torture visits places of detention (for juvenile or immigration detainees, police stations, psychiatric hospitals) in order to assess how persons deprived of their liberty are treated.
Fight against racism
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) is an independent monitoring body which provides member States with concrete and practical advice on how to tackle problems of racism and intolerance in their country.
Protection of social rights
The European Social Charter is a Council of Europe treaty which guarantees social and economic human rights. It was adopted in 1961 and revised in 1996. The European Committee of Social Rights rules on the conformity of the situation in States with the European Social Charter, the 1988 Additional Protocol and the Revised European Social Charter.
Protection of minorities
The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities provides for a monitoring system to evaluate how the treaty is implemented in State Parties. An advisory Committee adopts recommendations to improve minority protection.
Fight against corruption
The Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) monitors member states' compliance with the Council of Europe anti-corruption standards with the objective to improve the capacity of its members to fight corruption.
Fight against money laundering
MONEYVAL Committee of experts
The committee evaluates the effectiveness of domestic measures to counter money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Council of Europe member states which are not members of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Council of Europe member states which are members of MONEYVAL but subsequently become members of the FATF can elect to retain full membership of MONEYVAL. Applicant states for membership and other non-member states which are not members of the FATF may apply to join the terms of reference under certain conditions.
The Conference of the Parties under the Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism (CETS No. 198) monitors the proper implementation of the Convention by the Parties.
Democracy through Law
The European Commission for Democracy through Law - the Venice Commission - is an advisory body on constitutional matters which plays a leading role in the adoption of constitutions that conform to the standards of Europe's constitutional heritage
Fight against trafficking in human beings
The Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA) is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the Parties. It regularly publishes evaluation reports.
European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ)
The aim of the CEPEJ is the improvement of the efficiency and functioning of justice in the member States.
Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE)
This consultative body to the Committee of Ministers prepares opinions, promotes the implementation of Rec(2000)19 and collects information about the functioning of prosecution services in Europe.
Art and donations
The Council of Europe’s various buildings are home to an extensive collection of works of art. Member and non-member states, regional and local authorities, and even artists themselves have donated works of art to the Council. These gifts symbolise their donors’ attachment to one of the oldest of Europe’s political organisations. They are a tangible expression of support for an organisation that views human rights as the focal point of society, as well as acknowledging that creative artists play a vital part in shaping attitudes and behaviour.
Man, time and space
by Ion Mandrescu
Donated by Romania in 2004
by Constantin Brancusi
Original bronze replica of the sculpture
Donated by Romania in 1999
Tapestry depicting two peacocks
by Titina Comsa
Donated by Romania in 1994
Romania in the Council of Europe
- Bogdan Lucian Aurescu, Minister for Foreign Affairs
- Ion Jinga, Ambassador, Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe
Romania is represented in the Parliamentary Assembly by a delegation of 10 representatives and 10 substitutes.
Romania is represented in the Congress by a delegation of 10 representatives and 10 substitutes.
- Judge to the European Court of Human Rights: Iulia Antoanella Motoc
- Applications allocated to a decision body(*) in 2021: 2971
- Judgments in 2021: 95 of which 76 violations and 9 non-violations
(*) Do not include applications which are at the pre-judicial stage (incomplete case file)
As part of his mandate, the Commissioner carries out visits to countries in order to monitor the human rights situation and pursue a dialogue with national authorities and civil societies.
The Council of Europe's budget, for 2022, is € 477M.
The contribution of Romania is € 4 386 982.