In 1937 Klaus and Yuri Kiladze were aged eleven and nine. That year their father was shot dead by the Soviet authorities. The following year, their mother was deported to a gulag for eight years for campaigning against the Soviet regime.
Klaus and Yuri lived alone in Tbilisi in fear of arrest. The authorities then detained them and seized the family apartment, as well as all of their possessions. Klaus and Yuri were beaten and humiliated because they were “the children of traitors” and they were kept in terrible conditions. During these experiences they suffered from malnourishment, typhoid and scabies.
In 1997 a law was passed in Georgia referring to a right to compensation for the victims of Soviet oppression. Klaus and Yuri applied for the compensation in 2005. However, the courts said that the brothers would have to wait because the relevant laws were still incomplete. They were still refused compensation.