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History and the Council of Europe
"Civics and European education" - Resolution (64) 11 of the Ministers Deputies
In 1964, the Ministers Deputies urged the governments to "do everything within their power to ensure that all disciplines concerned - for instance history, geography, literature, modern languages - contribute to the creation of a European consciousness".
Although the text refers to civic education, history teaching plays an important role since teachers are urged to go "beyond a purely static description of European institutions, by explaining their function in the light of the vital interdependence of the European peoples and of Europe's place in the world, and by attempting to bring out the dynamic aspects of the European integration process and the concessions, indeed sacrifices, that it entails, and the political and cultural difficulties, even tensions, it may create".
These guidelines were discussed further by history teaching professionals in a symposium held in Elsinor one year later.