Recommendations to member States
Texts recently adopted by the Committee of Ministers
Recommendation on effective guardianship for unaccompanied and separated children in the context of migration
The Committee of Ministers has adopted a Recommendation to member States on effective guardianship for unaccompanied and separated children in the context of migration.
Migration puts children, especially unaccompanied or separated from their parents, in a very vulnerable position. Children are forced to flee or migrate from their homes for various reasons: to escape from conflict, violence, for the purpose of family reunification, as a result of changes in the environment that affect their lives, or the search for better economic, social or cultural conditions. Such a journey increases the risk of violating their fundamental rights and freedoms.
This Recommendation seeks to ensure that unaccompanied and separated children’s rights and their best interests are respected in line with international and European standards. It also seeks to ensure that guardianship is effectively provided and is appropriate to the rights and specific needs of the children concerned.
Recommendation on developing and promoting digital citizenship education
The Committee of Ministers has adopted a set of guidelines to its 47 member States asking them to develop and promote digital citizenship education and make it a priority for policy makers.
According to the Recommendation, the digital environment provides an unprecedented means for people to express themselves, to assemble and participate, and opens new opportunities to improve access and inclusion.
Digital citizenship education can contribute to raising awareness of discrimination and bias based on gender stereotypes and their effects on the online and offline world. It may also contribute to creating greater educational opportunities in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields for girls and women, and ensure that all citizens benefit fully from the digital revolution.
The text underlines the importance of empowering “learners” by providing the means to acquire the skills and competences for democratic culture, and by enabling them to tackle the challenges and risks arising from the digital environment and emerging technologies.
Recommendation on the development of the ombudsman institution
The 47 Member States should put in place independent and efficient ombudsman institutions with a firm legal basis and should protect them when needed, bearing in mind also the principles developed by the Venice Commission in a text adopted in March 2019. The implementation of the Recommendation will be examined in 5 years’ time.
Recommendation on the system of the ECHR in university education and professional training
The 47 member states will ensure that the necessary information is made available to university students and professionals, in particular judges and prosecutors, so that they are fully informed about the system of the European Convention on Human Rights, including the most relevant case-law of the European Court of Human Rights and the main developments concerning the execution of the Court’s judgments. The Council of Europe tools, HUDOC database and HELP courses should be widely used. The implementation of the Recommendation will be examined in 5 years’ time.
Recommendation on fostering a culture of ethics in the teaching profession
This recommendation aims to foster ethics, transparency and integrity in education through the drafting, implementation and review of codes of ethics for the teaching profession. The provisions of the Recommendation cover all levels of education, from pre-primary to higher education, including vocational education, as ethical principles should prevail throughout the whole education system. The Recommendation therefore makes no difference between the different strands of education or between public and private education institutions.
See the Explanatory Memorandum for more information.