European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI)


The Fight Against Discrimination
Based on Racial, Ethnic, Religious or Other Bias

Ankara 10 -11 January 2011



ECRI General Policy Recommendation No.7: National legislation to combat racism and racial discrimination, December 2002, CRI(2003)8

General Policy Recommendation No.2: Specialised bodies to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance at national level, June 1997, CRI(97)36

ECRI General Policy Recommendation No.6: Combating the dissemination of racist, xenophobic and antisemitic material via the Internet, December 2000, CRI(2001)1

ECRI General Policy Recommendation No.9: The fight against antisemitism, June 2004, CRI(2004)37

General Policy Recommendation No.5: Combating intolerance and discrimination against Muslims, April 2000, CRI(2000)21

ECRI General Policy Recommendation No.4: National surveys on the experience and perception of discrimination and racism from the point of view of potential victims, March 1998, CRI(98)30

ECRI General Policy Recommendation No.3: Combating racism and intolerance against Roma/Gypsies, March 1998, CRI(98)29

“Ethnic” statistics and data protection in the Council of Europe countries Study Report By Patrick Simon,
Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques Strasbourg, 2007

Expert seminar: combating racism while respecting freedom of expression organised by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) proceedings Strasbourg, 16 – 17 November 2006 July 2007

The use of racist, antisemitic and xenophobic elements in political discourse, High-level panel meeting on the occasion of the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Paris, 21 March 2005 ECRI: European Commission against Racism and Intolerance November 2005


Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14 with Protocols Nos. 1, 4, 6, 7, 12 and 13

Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems
Strasbourg, 28.I.2003

Factsheets by theme on the European Court of Human Rights case-law and pending cases


Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states
on measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity


Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin

Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation

Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law


Website of the UN OHCHR on Combating Racial Discrimination


Website of ODIHR/OSCE OSCE's work in tolerance and non-discrimination


The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), Lanna Hollo, Council of Europe Publishing, ISBN 978-92-871-6630-2

Racism on the Internet (2010), Dr Yaman Akdeniz, Council of Europe Publishing
ISBN 978-92-871-6634-0

Charter of European political parties for a non-racist society