The European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice

Questionnaire ''B'' on the role of training institutions in recruitment and initial training of judges and prosecutors

I. What are the ways of acceding (and the respective related procedures) to the functions of judge and prosecutor (examination, selection based on a file, etc..)?
II. How, following which periodicity and by whom is the assessment of vacancies to be filled done?
III. What are the bodies which proceed to the selection of the candidates to the initial training for the function of judge or prosecutor? According to the way of acceding to the function of judge or prosecutor (cf. question I. above), please specify: a) the qualification of the persons proceeding to the selection: members of these selection bodies are they: i) exclusively judges and prosecutors? ii) in majority judges and prosecutors? iii) in majority persons who are neither judge nor prosecutor? and b) the selection procedure; do members of these selection bodies benefit from a specific training, for instance in the field of assessment techniques? If so, please give details;
IV. What qualifications are requested from candidates (university degrees, previous professional experience)?
V. In the case of a selection done by way of an examination, what are the selection modalities (multiple choice questionnaire, written and oral examinations, psychological tests, etc…)?

VI. What is the value of passing of initial examination (access to initial training as a tool for further selection, or as a tool to begin the professional career)? What are the consequences on curricula and assessment of training?
VII. Please give information on:
a) the framework of initial training;
b) the duration of initial training;
c) the qualification and the selection of trainers;
d) the method used in initial training (seminars, training periods in a jurisdiction, training period in other places, period of the curriculum during which these training periods take place);
e) the content of the initial training programme and its link with university curricula;
VIII. Is there an exit examination? If so, what is the value of this exit examination? Please give details about the methods of selection, the selection bodies and their membership;
IX. Are there provisions for the training and tutoring for judges and prosecutors in the first years of their career (complementary training)? If so, what are the modalities?