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The Anti-Doping Convention: a chronology

1 April 2004
An additional protocol to the Convention entered into force with the aim of ensuring the mutual recognition of anti-doping controls and of reinforcing the implementation of the Convention using a binding control system.

16 December 1989
The signing of the Anti-Doping Convention.

September 1989
Adoption of the 135th Council of Europe treaty: the Anti-Doping Convention.
The 1967 Resolution, although it could not yet cover inconceivable doping methods such as "blood doping", provided a definition sufficing for governments and sports federations to frame their policies against this phenomenon.
Moreover, it lays down the two basic principles of the fight against doping, i.e. doping practices a) equate to cheating, b) involve the responsibility borne by the sporting community in this struggle. The first cuts short the debate on the lawfulness of doping, which some considered should be permitted to a certain extent as a training technique while others would have combated only blind doping, i.e. the type administered to a competitor without his informed consent. The second point, by placing the responsibility of sports associations front-stage, upholds the autonomy of the sports movement vis--vis the governments.

May/June 1989
Draft Anti-Doping Convention brought forth at the European Ministers responsible for Sport meeting at Reykjavik.

June 1988
The First Permanent World Anti-Doping Conference held in Ottawa, Canada. An International Anti-Doping Charter drawing extensively on European precedent was adopted. The Ottawa Charter was then taken up by the Olympic Movement in the form of the Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code.

25 September 1984
The whole of the Organisation's work since 1967 was incorporated into the European Anti-Doping Charter for Sport, constituting a public proclamation of principles and adopted by the Committee of Ministers. However, unlike a Convention which imposes obligations on the ratifying countries, it has no binding character.

20 April 1979
Adoption of Recommendation 79 (8) encouraged the development of reliable detection tests, international standardisation of rules, establishment of competent laboratories, and inter-state co-operation. Important since in the late 1970s there were only three IOC-approved laboratories in the 22 Council of Europe member countries.

29 June 1967
Recommendation adopted by the Ministers' Deputies, the first international instrument in the matter. In this ground-breaking text the Organisation offered at least a first attempt to define the scope of doping – the name given to the practice at the time, in French too. The Recommendation proposes "the administration to or the use by a healthy person, in any manner whatsoever, of agents foreign to the organism, or of physiological substances in excessive quantities or introduced by an abnormal channel, with the sole purpose of affecting artificially and by unfair means the performance of such a person when taking part in a competition."
The Recommendation invites governments:
- “to persuade the sports associations and federations which organise competitions in their territory to take action”
- “to condemn the use, or procedures to facilitate the use, in preparation for or during a sports competition, of the substances or processes employed for doping"
- "to penalise offenders by prohibiting them, temporarily or permanently, from taking part in, organising or acting in an official capacity at any sports competition"
To this day the Convention has been ratified by 49 states and is open to non-European States.