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Higher Education Series

Bologna Seminar on ECTS based on learning outcomes and student workload
Moscow, 17-18 April 2008

The Council of Europe was one of the organisers of this event, alongside the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, the National Training Foundation of Russia and the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.

This seminar gathered around 120 representatives from European universities, leading Russian higher education institutions, student bodies, national ministries and international organisations.

The objective of the seminar was to examine the key issues of the ECTS, focussing in particular on the balance between the students workload and the learning outcomes.

The seminar’s participants from European universities, student bodies, national ministries and international organisations agreed that ECTS credits are based on learning outcomes and the workload students need in order to achieve expected learning outcomes and adopted a set of conclusions, which will be formally presented to the Bologna Follow-Up Group for inclusion in the preparation of the Ministers’ meeting hosted by the Benelux countries in Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve on 28-29 April 2009.

Recent news

Final report by Mr Gottfried Bacher, Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, Austria

Main documents




ECTS and Learning Outcomes in the context of Qualifications Frameworks by Gerard Madill, Universities Scotland

‘Towards Student-Centred Learning: Learning Outcomes and ECTS’ by Bruno Carapinha, European Students’ Union

‘The German ECTS Experience’ by Bastian Baumann, German Bologna expert