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Finland


            Status regarding Budapest Convention
Last updated : 14/05/2020

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Party Signed : 23/11/2001 Ratified / acceded : 24/05/2007 Declarations and reservations : declarations regarding Articles 2, 24, 27 and 35 and reservations regarding Articles 11 and 14 See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

Finland’s Cyber Security Strategy launched in as a Government Resolution 24 January, 2013 with the new Implementation Programme for Finland's Cyber Security Strategy 2017-2020 published in 2017 (Source: https://www.cyberwiser.eu/finland-fi). The Strategy defines the key goals and guidelines which are used in responding to the threats against cyber domain and which ensure its functioning.

The previous national implementation programme of the Cyber Security Strategy was published 11 March, 2014. A total of 74 measures were put together in the implementation programme to improve cyber security. The Strategy is available in English: http://www.yhteiskunnanturvallisuus.fi/en/materials

The Information Security Strategy for Finland was adopted by the minister of Transport and Communications in March 2016. The strategy sets out the objectives and measures to enhance the level of trust to Internet and digital practices. The strategy also deals with matters that damage trust such as digital security incidents and covers also partly the area of cybercrime.

The National Cyber Security Centre Finland (NCSC-FI) was established within the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) on 1 January 2014. NCSC-FI will strengthen Finland’s national information security for example by developing the cyber security situational picture. The operational activities of NCSC-FI cover among other things coordinating, responding and resolving of nationally or internationally detected information security incidents and threats (CERT operations).

 

Specialised institutions

Cybercrime Center of the National Bureau of Investigation was established 2015 to tackle this issue, but also all police districts are responsible for investigation of cybercrime. The Center is responsible for international, organized, technically challenging and larger cybercrime cases. Police Districts are responsible of all offences that have happened in their region.

All police districts have their own IT forensic groups. The ways districts have organised pre-trial investigation of cybercrime vary a lot. In many districts there are no specialised investigators. The Cybercrime Center also supports all police units with investigation of cybercrime, IT forensic examinations, intelligence on Internet and international cooperation.

No prosecutors or courts deal exclusively with cybercrime. A group of prosecutors in local prosecution units prosecute most of such crimes but they have also other tasks.

 

National Cyber Security Centre Finland (NCSC-FI) - Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority

CERT-FI – merged into National Cyber Security Centre Finland

Jurisprudence/case law

The decisions of the Supreme court are an important legal source and precedents for similar cases. However there are no significant decisions regarding cybercrime issues. http://www.finlex.fi/en/oikeus/


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