7 March 1996
The Republic of Armenia applied to join the Council of Europe.
26 January 1996
The Armenian Parliament was granted Special Guest Status with the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
9 November 2000
Armenia was invited to become a member of the Council of Europe by the CoE Committee of Ministers Resolution Res(2000)13.
25 January 2001
Armenia became a full member of the Council of Europe and, in accordance with Article 13 of the Parliamentary Assembly Opinion No. 221(2000), has undertaken the following commitments upon its accession to the Council of Europe.
- to sign, at the time of its accession, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), as amended by Protocols Nos. 2 and 11 thereto, and Protocols Nos. 1, 4, 6 and 7;
- to ratify the ECHR and Protocols Nos. 1, 4, 6 and 7 thereto during the year following its accession;
- to sign and ratify, within one year of its accession, the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its protocols;
- to sign and ratify, within one year of its accession, the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages;
- to sign and ratify, within one year of its accession, the European Charter of Local Self-Government;
- to sign and ratify, within two years of its accession, the European Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co-operation between Territorial Communities or Authorities and its additional protocols, and the Council of Europe conventions on extradition, on mutual assistance in criminal matters, on laundering, search, seizure and confiscation of the proceeds from crime, and on the transfer of sentenced persons, and in the meantime to apply the fundamental principles contained therein;
- to sign the European Social Charter within two years of its accession and ratify it within three years of accession, and to strive forthwith to implement a policy consistent with the principles of the Charter;
- to sign the General Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Council of Europe and the protocols thereto at the time of its accession, and to ratify these within one year of its accession.
The conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh:
- to pursue efforts to settle this conflict by peaceful means only;
- to use its considerable influence over the Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh to foster a solution to the conflict;
- to settle international and domestic disputes by peaceful means and according to the principles of international law (an obligation incumbent on all Council of Europe member states), resolutely rejecting any threatened use of force against its neighbours.
- to adopt, within one year of its accession, the second (specific) part of the Criminal Code, thus abolishing de jure the death penalty and decriminalising consensual homosexual relationships between adults;
- to adopt, within six months of its accession, the law on the ombudsman;
- to adopt, within one year of its accession, a new law on the media;
- to adopt, within one year of its accession, a new law on political parties;
- to adopt, within one year of its accession, a new law on non-governmental organisations;
- to adopt, within six months of its accession, the law on the transfer of responsibility for the prison system, including pre-trial detention centres and work colonies, from the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry for National Security to the Ministry of Justice thus ensuring the thorough reform and demilitarisation of the system, and to ensure the effective implementation of this law within six months after it has been adopted, except as regards the effective transfer of the pre-trial detention centres and work colonies, which must be implemented within one year after the law has been adopted;
- to adopt, within one year of its accession, the law on the civil service;
- to amend, before the next local elections, the current legislation governing the powers of local authorities so as to give them greater responsibilities and independence, taking into account the recommendations made in this respect by the Congress for Local and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE);
- to remedy the deficiencies of the new electoral law before the next elections, in particular as regards the procedural aspects of the work of the electoral committees and the authorities responsible for drawing up electoral registers.
- to fully implement the reform of the judicial system, in order to guarantee, inter alia:
- the full independence of the judiciary;
- full and immediate access to a defence lawyer in criminal cases (compulsory for minors); if necessary, the costs should be borne by the state;
- to ensure that all churches or religious communities, in particular those referred to as "non-traditional", may practise their religion without discrimination;
- to co-operate fully with NGOs in ensuring that the rights of prisoners and conscripts are respected;
- to adopt, within three years of accession, a law on alternative service in compliance with European standards and, in the meantime, to pardon all conscientious objectors sentenced to prison terms or service in disciplinary battalions, allowing them instead to choose, when the law on alternative service has come into force to perform non-armed military service or alternative civilian service;
- to turn the national television channel into a public channel managed by an independent administrative board;
Monitoring of commitments:
- to co-operate fully in the implementation of Assembly Resolution 1115 (1997) on the settingup of an Assembly committee on the honouring of obligations and commitments by member states of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee); and
- to co-operate fully in the monitoring process established pursuant to the declaration adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 10 November 1994 (95th session).