1946 - In his speech of 19 September in Zurich, Winston Churchill proposed to build the Council of Europe.
1948 - On 7 May, an International Committee of the Movements for European Unity organised the Hague Congress, remembered as "the Congress of Europe".
1949 - On 5 May, in St James's Palace, London, the treaty constituting the Statute of the Council of Europe was signed by ten countries: Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
1950 - On 4 November, the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms was signed in Rome.
1953 - On 3 September, the European Convention on Human Rights entered into force.
1959 - The first meeting of specialized ministers brought together European ministers responsible for social and family affairs.
1960 - The first public hearing of the European Court of Human Rights took place.
1961 - On 18 October, the European Social Charter was signed in Rome.
1965 - On 26 February, the European Social Charter entered into force.
1967 - European Youth Centre was founded.
1970 - By 1970, eight new countries joined the founder members: in order of accession: Greece, Iceland, Turkey, Germany, Austria, Cyprus, Switzerland and Malta.
1974 - On 28 November, Greece returned to the Council of Europe after the fall of the dictatorship and the restoration of democracy. The Cypriot crisis broke out.
1981 - A new crisis arose, when the Parliamentary Assembly withdrew the Turkish parliamentary delegation's right to their seats in response to the military coup d'etat a few weeks earlier.
1984 - The Turkish delegation resumed its place after the holding of free elections.
1985 - The first movements to introduce democracy to Central and Eastern Europe.
1989 - On 6 July, the first address by a Soviet leader to an assembly of Western European parliamentarians, where Mikhail Gorbachev put forward a new disarmament proposal.On 9 November, the Berlin wall fell.
1990 - On 6 November, referring to his country's accession to the Council of Europe, the Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs said the event marked the first step in the re-establishment of the unity of the continent.
1992 - On 4 May, Francois Mitterand addressed the Parliamentary Assembly in a session largely devoted to integrating the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the building of a new Europe.
1993 - On 8-9 October, the first Council of Europe Summit was held.
1998 - On 1 November, the dual machinery for protecting human rights was replaced on by a single Court.