1946 - In his speech of 19 September in Zurich, Winston Churchill proposed to build the Council of Europe.

1948 - On 7 May, an International Committee of the Movements for European Unity organised the Hague Congress, remembered as "the Congress of Europe".

1949 - On 5 May, in St James's Palace, London, the treaty constituting the Statute of the Council of Europe was signed by ten countries: Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

1950 - On 4 November, the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms was signed in Rome.

1953 - On 3 September, the European Convention on Human Rights entered into force.

1959 - The first meeting of specialized ministers brought together European ministers responsible for social and family affairs.

1960 - The first public hearing of the European Court of Human Rights took place.

1961 - On 18 October, the European Social Charter was signed in Rome.

1965 - On 26 February, the European Social Charter entered into force.

1967 - European Youth Centre was founded.

1970 - By 1970, eight new countries joined the founder members: in order of accession: Greece, Iceland, Turkey, Germany, Austria, Cyprus, Switzerland and Malta.

1974 - On 28 November, Greece returned to the Council of Europe after the fall of the dictatorship and the restoration of democracy. The Cypriot crisis broke out.

1981 - A new crisis arose, when the Parliamentary Assembly withdrew the Turkish parliamentary delegation's right to their seats in response to the military coup d'etat a few weeks earlier.

1984 - The Turkish delegation resumed its place after the holding of free elections.

1985 - The first movements to introduce democracy to Central and Eastern Europe.

1989 - On 6 July, the first address by a Soviet leader to an assembly of Western European parliamentarians, where Mikhail Gorbachev put forward a new disarmament proposal.On 9 November, the Berlin wall fell.

1990 - On 6 November, referring to his country's accession to the Council of Europe, the Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs said the event marked the first step in the re-establishment of the unity of the continent.

1992 - On 4 May, Francois Mitterand addressed the Parliamentary Assembly in a session largely devoted to integrating the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the building of a new Europe.

1993 - On 8-9 October, the first Council of Europe Summit was held.

1998 - On 1 November, the dual machinery for protecting human rights was replaced on by a single Court.

Did you know?
In 1964, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe declared 5 May Europe Day.

Did you know?
Since 1972, the European anthem has been an excerpt from the prelude to the Ode to Joy from Beethoven's 9th Symphony