Direct democracy and participatory democracy can be, under certain conditions, a way of dealing with the citizen’s disengagement from representative politics. A range of other ways of involving citizens in governance has emerged, fuelled by web and social media applications: participatory budgeting and crowdfunding for government projects, for example, give community members a voice in the fiscal decision‑making processes and invite them to deliberate on the local authorities’ financial decisions. Citizen watchdogs are another relevant example of initiatives taken by citizens who wish to document a fact. They encourage both citizens to know more about their elected officials' conduct and the latter's responsiveness towards their votes, with the positive effect of reducing the level of corruption. Are these phenomena confined to a few pioneering cities or are they heralding a shift towards participatory democracy?

Dream Thailand, Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom, Thailand

'Dream Thailand' is a campaign- based platform for Thai citizens to voice their opinions and recommendations about the Thailand of their dreams throughout the country. It is a platform for government and party  decision-makers to reach out to the young generation.  Dream Thailand has become a movement and has created inspiration that brings about citizen participation amongst Thai youth to 'act'; aiming to achieve the Thailand they dream of. It has been used as a platform to provide people's participation in the ongoing reforms in the country.