The Macolin Convention will enter into force on 1 September 2019 thanks to its ratification by Italy, Moldova, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland and Ukraine. Another 32 countries, including Australia, have also signed it. Aware of the global nature of the threat posed by the manipulation of competitions, the Council of Europe encourages all its member states and non-European countries to become parties to the Convention.


The Convention Secretariat was established in March 2016. It thus continues the initial efforts of the Enlarged Partial Agreement on Sport (APES), which coordinated the process of negotiating the agreement and which remains active in its promotion.

The Macolin Convention is a ground-breaking legal instrument and the only rule of international law on the subject to currently exist. It provides common definitions, as well as original international cooperation mechanisms. The widest possible adhesion to this text will make it the basis of reference for a variety of actors with diverse interests and competencies (ministries, sports movement, public and private betting operators, law enforcement and justiciary) all of whom together form the "Macolin Community" committed to combating this particular form of corruption in sport.

The activities implemented by the Council of Europe and its partners (with voluntary contributions from Australia, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Norway, and Switzerland, as well as the Association of Global Lotteries and Lotteries) target mainly in 2019:

  1. Technical assistance to countries through the project "Keep Crime Out of Sport - Manipulation of Sports Competitions 2018-2020" (KCOOS+);
  1. Trans-national cooperation and coordination through the Network of National Platforms (Group of Copenhagen).

The Convention Follow-up Committee will be established and will meet in 2020.

The implementation of the Council of Europe’s strategy builds on the conclusions of the Third International Conference on the fight against the manipulation of sports sompetitions - Promotion and mplementation of the Macolin Convention held in Strasbourg on 24 and 25 September 2018.


 Full text of the Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions (the Macolin Convention - CETS N°215)

 Explanatory report of the Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions

 Non-official translations of the Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions

 About the manipulation of sports competitions