The Council of Europe was established in 1949 by ten states (Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom)
Today, the organisation counts 46 member states, out of which 27 are members of the European Union.
Five non-European states have been granted the observer status: the Holy See, the United States, Canada, Japan, Mexico.
Belarus is the only applicant country which has not join yet, due to its serious shortcomings in respect of human rights and democratic principles.
Member States by accession date:
10.05.1949 Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom
09.08.1949 Greece, Turkey
1950 Iceland, Germany
1988 San Marino
1993 Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
1995 Albania, Latvia, Moldova, North Macedonia, Ukraine
2001 Armenia, Azerbaijan
2002 Bosnia and Herzegovina