The CoE has a well-established large-scale country-specific co-operation in Turkey mainly in the field of reform of the judiciary, human rights education and fight against corruption.

Most of the CoE co-operation activities with Turkey have been undertaken via CoE/EU joint programmes and Turkey has been for many years the biggest beneficiary of the CoE/EU joint programmes. In 2012 the co-operation between the Council of Europe and the EU in Turkey amounted to a cumulative budget of €27, 8 million - representing more than 25% of the total volume of CoE/EU joint programmes.