The Council of Europe has a well-established large-scale country-specific co-operation in Turkey mainly in the field of rule of law and fundamental freedoms. The Council of Europe is represented by a Programme Office in Ankara

Most of the co-operation activities with Turkey have been undertaken via Council of Europe/European Union joint programmes and Turkey was for many years the biggest beneficiary of the technical co-operation with the European Union.

Three country-specific European Union/Council of Europe joint programmes are currently being implemented in the judiciary ("Supporting the Individual Application to the Constitutional Court in Turkey" and "Strengthening the Capacity of Bar Associations and Lawyers on European Human Rights Standards") and education fields (“Generation Democracy – Strengthening a Culture of Democracy in Basic Education Institutions”). In addition, two other projects co-funded by Denmark and the Human Rights Trust Fund (HRTF) are being implemented on "Improving the Effectiveness of Investigation of Allegations of Ill-Treatment and Combatting Impunity" and on "Protection of Refugees and Migrants", with specific assistance provided to the Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM).

Turkey is also a beneficiary of two regional Council of Europe/European Union joint programmes, which provide support for "Promoting Good Governance and Roma Empowerment at Local Level (ROMACTED)", and strengthen co-operation in the field of cybercrime by targeting crime proceeds on the internet ("Targeting crime proceeds on the internet in South Eastern Europe and Turkey, iPROCEEDS").