The legal framework is the starting point and backbone of any electoral process. This includes the development of legislation and its improvement in the light of previous processes. Any electoral law must therefore include both the essential elements of an election and the more technical ones, for example the electoral system, the composition of the electoral administration, the delimitation of electoral districts or the organisation of voting operations, whatever the type of election. The legal framework includes the different normative levels as well as non-binding texts, such as codes of conduct.

Committee of Ministers:

  • Council of Europe’s statutory decision-making body
  • Supervision of execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, in accordance with Article 46 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

European Court of Human Rights:


Department for the Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights:

  • Advises and assists the Committee of Ministers in its functions of supervision of the execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, in accordance with Article 46, paragraph 2, of the Convention
  • Provides support to the member States in their efforts to achieve full, effective and prompt execution of the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, in the cases to which they are parties

PACE, Election Observation and Interparliamentary Cooperation Division:

  • Normative work by the committees of the PACE in form of resolutions and recommendations on different issues identified in election observation reports

Congress, Observation of Local and Regional Elections:

  • Election observation reports including recommendations approved by the Monitoring Committee and adopted at Congress Plenary Sessions
  • Followup on recommendations: reports on recurring and transversal thematic issues and post-electoral dialogue

European Commission for Democracy Through Law (Venice Commission):


The European Committee on Democracy and Governance (CDDG):


Elections and Participatory Democracy Division:

  • Followup to PACE, Congress, Venice Commission as well as OSCE/ODIHR recommendations

Gender Equality Division: