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Ghana

Last updated : 22/01/2018

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Observer See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

In July 2015, the Ministry of Communications produced the final draft of the National Cyber Security Policy & Strategy, which has received Cabinet approval. . It is hoped that the implementation of this strategy will form an effective structure for increasing Ghana’s cyber security by enhancing the sharing of information to provide a targeted, de-conflicted, national response.

 

This will provide the foundation for the creation of a new National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) under the control of the NSC which will be pivotal to improving communications and de-confliction among relevant organisations. Together with the formation of a National Cyber Crime Awareness Program and a National Cyber Security Crisis Management Plan it is hoped that this strategy will improve awareness of cybercrime amongst the population and also the manner in which the Government responds to it.

There is no separate strategy covering cybercrime specifically, although cybercrime is one of the key threat areas that the proposed National Cyber Security Centre will look to address as dictated by the National Cyber Security Policy & Strategy.

Specialised institutions

Ghana National CERT (CERT-GH) was established in August 2014 by the Ministry of Communications and is a positive step towards safeguarding GHANA’s cyber space.

The National Information Technology Agency (NITA) under the Ministry of Communications is responsible for enhancing Ghana governmental network infrastructure.

The Financial and Economic Crimes Court (FECC) is a specialized court that has been trained in hearing anti-money laundering cases and also handles other cybercrime cases.

The National Security Council (NSC) runs a cybersecurity working group that aims to steer Ghana`s law enforcement response to cybercrime and cyber security.

Ghana Police Service established a Cybercrime Unit as part of the Criminal Investigations Division (CID).

The Bureau of National Investigations (BNI) is the internal intelligence agency of Ghana and they have investigative jurisdiction to detain, arrest and interrogate over a wide range of criminal offences including cybercrime.

The Economic and Organized Crime Office (EOCO) is a specialized organized crime law enforcement and prosecution agency. Within EOCO`s mandate are the investigation and prosecution of serious offences that involve financial or economic crimes (in relation to the Government or state owned entity), money laundering, human trafficking, tax fraud, prohibited cyber activity and other serious offences.

The Data Protection Commission (“DPC”) is an independent statutory body established under DPA to regulate the processing of personal information and provide processes to obtain, hold, use and disclose personal information.

The Ministry for Gender, Children and Social protection is the Governmental institution responsible for assessing and reporting cases involving children. The Domestic Violence and Victim Support Unit (DOVVSU) (formerly known as the Women and Juvenile Unit) is a department of the Ghana Police Service that is tasked with the investigation and prosecution of domestic violence and child abuse cases.

The Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC) is responsible for monitoring transactions and flagging transactions that involve predicate offences. FIC has adopted a progressive role in investigating various financial offences including financing of weapons of mass destruction. FIC does not have power to freeze assets other than bank accounts and thus may not freeze assets such as crypto-currencies and virtual currencies that are used to commit cybercrimes.

Jurisprudence/case law


Tools on Cybercrime & Electronic Evidence Empowering You!

This tool is co-funded  by the GLACY  and Cybercrime@Octopus projects