Back

Belarus

Last updated : 20/02/2017

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : NA Declarations and reservations : not acceded, not invited See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

There is are no dedicated strategy or other specific policy documents on cybercrime currently available or being developed in Belarus.

 

The National Security Concept of Belarus, approved by Decree No. 575 of the President of Belarus on 9.11.2010, defines information security as a condition to protect the balanced interests of the individual, society and the State from external and internal threats related to information and identifies information security as an independent component of national security.

Specialised institutions

High Tech Crime Department, Ministry of Internal Affairs

High Tech Crime and Intellectual Property Department, Investigative Committee

Department for Security in the Sphere of Information Technology, State Security Committee

 

Since 2002, there is a High-Tech Crime Department within the Ministry of Interior of Belarus (Department “K”) whose competency is to detect and deal with crimes against information security, embezzlement by means of computers, including that conducted by means of stolen and forged bank cards or their details, and to counter the distribution and advertising of child pornography on the Internet. Besides preliminary investigations, the Department ”K” also assists other units across the country in matters of cybercrime and electronic evidence. There are currently 25 officers at the headquarters of Department “K”.

 

In five regional centres of Belarus, territorial units have been established to counter hi-tech crime. The average staffing of units is 7 persons.

 

Since 2012, there is also a specialised unit within the Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus, that is, High Tech Crime and Intellectual Property Department; its function is to initiate criminal proceedings and conduct full investigations of detected criminal activities. It now employs about 30 officers dedicated to cybercrime/high-tech investigations, out of which 10 are located at headquarters.

 

The roles between police officers and officers of the Investigative Committee are divided as follows: officers of Department “K” of the Ministry of Interior collect information on circumstances that are evidence of cybercrime, register illegal activities and, if there is sufficient data for opening a criminal case, hand over the material collected to the Investigative Committee. Investigators of the Committee make a decision on opening a criminal case and proceed with the investigation. Throughout the investigation, Department “K” and the Investigative Committee cooperate with each other. When the investigation is complete, the criminal case is transmitted to the supervising prosecution office for further hearings in court.

 

When a more thorough examination of evidence or electronic media is required, an examination by a computer or other specialised expert can be organized. Such expert examination is the competency of qualified experts of the Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Interior of Belarus.

Jurisprudence/case law

Sources and links


Tools on Cybercrime & Electronic Evidence Empowering You!

This tool is co-funded  by the GLACY  and Cybercrime@Octopus projects