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Greece


    Status regarding Budapest Convention
Last updated : 14/05/2020

Status regarding Budapest Convention

Status : Party Signed : 23/01/2001 See legal profile

Cybercrime policies/strategies

The Greek National Cyber Security Strategy has been implemented since the 1st of September 2017, determining the main principles and setting up strategic objectives and the action framework through which they will be achieved. The implementation of the NCSS is undertaken by the newly created National Cyber Security Authority.

The NCSS identifies 8 individual objectives:

  1. Upgrade the level of prevention, evaluation, analysis and deterrence of threats against the security of ICT systems and infrastructure;
  2. Enhanced ability of public and private sector stakeholders to prevent and handle cyber security incidents and to improve the resilience and recoverability of ICT systems following a cyber-attack;
  3. Create an effective coordination and cooperation framework by determining the individual competences and roles of the various public and private sector stakeholders involved in the implementation of the National Cyber Security Strategy;
  4. Ensure the State's active participation in international cyber security initiatives and actions by international organizations, for the enhancement of national security;
  5. Make all social institutions aware and to inform users regarding the secure use of cyberspace;
  6. Continuously adapt the national institutional framework to new technological requirements and to EU directions for effective handling of illegal acts linked to cyberspace activity;
  7. Promote innovation, research and development in security issues and cooperation between the stakeholders involved;
  8. Make use of best international practices

(Source: https://www.enisa.europa.eu/topics/national-cyber-security-strategies/ncss-map/national-cyber-security-strategies-interactive-map/strategies/national-cyber-security-strategy-greece/view)

 

Looking at the previous Anti-Crime Policy Program for the years 2015-2019, there are some specific goals concerning cybercrime and ICT-facilitated crimes, in particular:

  • Tracing of individuals or networks activated in trafficking child pornography;
  • Fighting against cyber bullying;
  • Fighting against the Internet fraud;
  • Fighting against circulation of forged travelling documents and drugs via the Internet;
  • Fighting against human trafficking victim solicitation via the Internet;
  • Fighting against intrusions-cyber attacks;
  • Dissuasion of suicides announced at the Internet.

In order to achieve these goals, the Anti-Crime Policy Program prescribed some specific actions:

  • constant education-training of the Staff of the Directorate of Electronic Crime Prosecution, in Greece or abroad;
  • upgrading of the education and constant training of the officers of the Directorate of Electronic Crime Prosecution;
  • exploitation by the peripheral Services, of the guidelines for the confrontation of fraud by the skimming method, based on a processed manual, transferred by the Directorate of Public Security/HPH to all Services of the Hellenic Police in the year 2009;
  • cooperation of the Peripheral Services with the materially competent Directorate of Electronic Crime Prosecution, in order that, in the cases where are noticed offences committed by the use of computer, the appropriate manner to be methodized for securing the evidence and further handling the cases;
  • strengthening of the cooperation with the Hellenic Banks Association to the effect of prevention and effective confrontation of the fraud incidents through the Internet that offend the financial system of the Country;
  • active participation in the public’s briefing procedures for the safe use of the Internet and the lurking dangers involved, implementation of informative daily conferences-seminars to parents and students for the provision of information and advice for the safe use of the Internet and the avoidance of their victimization;
  • strengthening of the cooperation with foreign competent prosecuting Authorities via the legal communication channels (INTERPOL, EUROPOL, EUROJUST, etc.) in order to make possible the tracing down and the solution of crimes with international nature that are committed at the Internet or by using the same;
  • every day “patrol” on the Internet areas for the prevention and suppression of criminal acts;
  • implementation of the memorandum of police actions for the management of suicidal intention signs.

(Source: GENVAL Evaluation report on the seventh round of mutual evaluations “The practical implementation and operation of European policies on preventing and combating cybercrime”)

 

Finally, because the Ministry of Justice Transparency and Human Rights has as a key priority the transposition of legal instruments of international and European law, Greece ratified the Budapest Convention and the additional Protocol on Xenophobia and Racism on 25th of January 2017.

Specialised institutions

  • Cyber Crime division established by Presidential Decree 178/2014, an independent central service, which reports directly to the Chief of the Hellenic Plice
  • Directorate of Electronic Crime Prosecution;
  • Greek Cybercrime Center;
  • National Information Agency (N.I.A.);
  • Department of Digital Evidence Examination – Directorate of Criminal Investigations;
  • National Authority against Electronic Attacks (NAAEA) – National CERT;
  • Hellenic Authority for Communication Security and Privacy (ADAE);
  • Directorate of Cyber Defense
  • Directorate of Electronic Evidence Prosecution
  • Hellenic Data Protection Authority (HDPA)

Jurisprudence/case law


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