Manual on hate speech
The right to freedom of expression entails duties and responsibilities and is subject to certain limits, provided for in Article 10.2 of the European Convention on Human Rights. These limits concern protecting the rights of others, among other things. Identifying what constitutes "hate speech" is especially difficult because this type of speech does not necessarily involve the expression of hatred or feelings.
On the basis of all the applicable texts on freedom of expression and the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and other bodies, the author, Anne Weber identifies certain parameters that make it possible to distinguish expressions which, although sometimes insulting, are fully protected by the right to freedom of expression from those which do not enjoy that protection.